• JSTOR: Viewing Subject: History
  • Speakers - Women's Forum
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It was not unusual for women in the pre-war South to wed men considerably older than themselves.

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Most women were prohibited from voting or exercising the same civil rights as men during this time based on the idea that "a married woman's legal existence was incorporated into that of her husband" (Ibid., 138). This viewpoint reflected a widespread ideology of "separate spheres" for men and women; the many people who adopted this perspective argued that the place for women was at home and not in the affairs of the government (Robb 1996). With so few rights, many women drew parallels between their social and political state and that of slaves. This comparison won support of greater numbers of women and men to their cause, among them were the famous suffragettes attributed with founding the woman suffrage movement, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott (Porter 1969).

Changing lives: gender expectations and roles during ..

point is the enormous amount of social, economic, demographic, and cultural change that occurred between 1815 and the Civil War.
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The exhibition is a multi-faceted staged environment, an image of housing which calls into question prevailing norms and structures: the influence of the market economy, an increase in segregation, the cementation of heteronormative values, and the influence of the media on our lives.

An important part of the project has been the lectures by Karin Bradley, Irene Molina, Joar Nango, Åsa Sonjasdotter, Emmerik Warburg and Moa Tunström which took place at Konsthall C during the spring and autumn of 2010.


reminders of war, states and agents of civil society invested ..

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Perhaps the most influential of these forms of literature were the short stories written by female activists. Acclaimed writers Rebecca Harding Davis, Louisa May Alcott, Harriet Beecher Stow, and Lydia Maria Child regularly wrote complex short stories drawing on the scene of the nation at war for local newspapers; “The main source of information to civilians in the Union and the Confederacy.” These stories almost always contained some underlying theme of anti-confederate/anti-war sentiment; an expression that was increasingly prevalent among Northerners in the year 1862.

The inmate was part of a work crew in North Carolina when he stole the truck.
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Susan B. Anthony, a Quaker and rising leader in the woman's suffrage movement, made nationwide suffrage a goal and recruited many supporters (Carter 1996; Weatherford 1998). Anthony was convinced that women would not obtain the rights listed in the Declaration of Sentiments or be effective in implementing social reforms until they had voting power. However, despite the close cooperation between abolitionists and advocates of woman's rights following the Seneca Falls Convention, arguments over the Fifteenth Amendment led to a split in the movement in 1869 (Graham 1996; Porter 1969; Weatherford 1998). The Fifteenth Amendment provided black males the right to vote, building upon language in the previous amendment in which "any male inhabitants" were granted voting privileges. But many viewed the Amendment as an insult to women because the language did not even bother to exclude them (Weatherford 1998). Some persons sought to postpone woman's suffrage in order to focus efforts on securing enfranchisement for blacks freed following the Civil War, a move that Stanton and Anthony felt "compromised a betrayal of the ideal of universal suffrage" (Graham 1996, 5; Kraditor 1965).

Woman's Sphere Political Cartoon - Library of Congress

Louisa May Alcott’s diary from her six weeks as an army nurse does just that; it paints a vivid illustration of the medical wards, allowing readers to visualize tending to patients with her. She documented every case, action, reaction, and emotion she had while at the Union Hotel Hospital in Washington, DC. She recalls waking “up at six…[poking] up the fire, … giving out rations, cutting up food for helpless boys, washing faces, dressing wounds,” and everything else a medical nurse in the Union army had to endure. She then compiled and historically-fictionalized these memories into a full-length novel to add depth to the story and make it entertaining for her audience. The novel, Hospital Sketches, became a widely cited representation of medical treatment during the war.

Great Depression and World War II

The Birthplace of Souls: the civil war nursing diary of Harriet Eaton. Harriet Eaton. Edited by Jane E. Shultz. Oxford University Press, 2011. Pg. 92

Women in Antebellum America - Amphora Editions

As women writers became more commonplace, so did their appearance in a number of different fields of literary work. Their expansion ranged in variety from full-length novels to diaries, spreading their opinions to an eclectic audience of readers. One common theme through all these pieces of work, however, was the discussion on the implications of the civil war. It became the goal of these literary women to express their opinions on paper in the hopes of “shap[ing] the way their respective nation viewed its mission.”. As a result, unable to physically contribute to the war effort, women writers assumed the force of motivation for soldiers through a number of different forms of literature.