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There are two types of aggregate poverty theory: case and generic. There is no agreement on which is the correct explanation of most poverty.

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In , there has been a movement to seek to establish the absence of poverty as a .
However, an argument against Chomskian views of language acquisition lies in Chomskian theory itself. The theory has several hypothetical constructs, such as movement, empty categories, complex underlying structures, and strict binary branching, that cannot possibly be acquired from any amount of input. Since the theory is, in essence, unlearnably complex, then it must be innate. A different theory of language, however, may yield different conclusions. Examples of alternative theories that do not utilize movement and empty categories are , , and several varieties of . While all theories of language acquisition posit some degree of innateness, a less convoluted theory might involve less innate structure and more learning. Under such a theory of grammar, the input, combined with both general and language-specific learning capacities, might be sufficient for acquisition.

poverty and hunger: Theories of poverty

As a theory of individual autonomy, the situationists’ theory, oncedeprived of its negative spirit, becomes virtually indistinguishable from thebourgeois ethical vision of abstract individual freedom. But the real poverty that candelude itself in this way about its own lot is no longer so much the nominal freedom oflabor in the face of capital as it is that freedom of pure appearance bred to therules of consumable pleasure; that freedom of irresponsibility which continually resortsto external means of valorization and which gets “into” this or that whileremaining separate from everything.


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Nevertheless, Snow's criticisms might be powerful against Chomsky's argument, if the argument from the poverty of stimulus were indeed an argument about degenerate stimulus, but it is not. The argument from the poverty of stimulus is that there are principles of grammar that cannot be learned on the basis of positive input alone, however complete and grammatical that evidence is. This argument is not vulnerable to objection based on evidence from interaction studies such as Snow's.

As critique of alienated labor and project of its revolutionary abolition,the situationists’ theory meets, as a favorable objective terrain, the phenomenon ofan increasing declassment of a sector of the population that was previously integrated andsubdued but that is now more inclined to turn against the institution of work. A structuralcrisis of the modern economy, however, tends to throw individuals into revolutionaryideology well before they are in a position to grasp revolution as the only historicalsolution capable of practically dissolving the alienation of human activity. Those whotreat work as the heaviest fetter on the new forms of struggle and consciousness remaindominated by the work-world, which casts those it declasses into solutions of peripheralsurvival, hustles, petty criminality and dubious revolutionary fantasies.

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Need to address the various factors that are thought to be the most likely causes of why crime occurs in the first place (e.g., poverty, mental illness).

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In contrast, psychologist Catherine Snow at Harvard argues that children do not have to deduce the principles of language from impoverished and ungrammatical scraps of talk, but are presented with the evidence they need through parent-child interaction. Some studies of or CDS suggest that speech to young children is usually slow, clear, grammatical, and very repetitious, rather like traditional language lessons. Others have argued that "baby talk" is not universal among the world's cultures, and that its role in "helping children learn grammar" has been overestimated.

Theory of Poverty, Poverty of Theory (Denevert)

In this context of religious vows, poverty may be understood as a means of self-denial in order to place oneself at the service of others; Pope wrote in 1217 that the "lived a life of voluntary poverty, exposing themselves to innumerable dangers and sufferings, for the salvation of others". However, following ' warning that riches can be like thorns that choke up the good seed of the word (Matthew 13:22), voluntary poverty is often understood by Christians as of benefit to the individual - a form of by which one distances oneself from distractions from .

Theory of Poverty, Poverty of Theory

Some people still believe, for example, that the stupefying power of advertising liesin the fact that it makes people buy more useless goods. Actually, when advertising vauntsthe merits of this or that particular commodity or of this or that pseudoneed thatabsolutely must be satisfied, it inevitably runs up against the contradiction of acompeting product, of a consumers union, or of people’s ordinary common sense. Butbeyond the commercial terrain, what advertising really imposes without meeting anyresistance (by deflecting the spectator’s attention from the fact that the languageof advertising already implies and presents the happy spectacle of the total approvalof the existing system) are all the socioeconomic presuppositions of whichadvertising is only one of the least serious consequences; along with the mode ofsubjection that is linked to those presuppositions, the poverty of the needs that resultfrom them, and the absurd pretense that the latter can be satisfied within the rules ofconsumption. The fact that advertising has proved capable of turning itself into an objectof spectacular debate, provoking people into declaring themselves for or against it, is anextreme example of its present stupefying power.