• Alienation
  • Philosophical Dictionary: Aesthetics-Altruism
  • Karl Marx - Wikipedia

Discuss Marxs analysis of the forms of alienation Are they still relevant for understanding contemporary society - Essay Example


What is Parental Alienation and What Can You Do …

However, various forms of engagement pose particular challenges to the field
Wright, T. A., & Quick, J. C. (2009). The emerging positive agenda in organizations: Greater than a trickle, but not yet a deluge. , (2), 147–159. doi:10.1002/job.582. The evidence is clear regarding applied science's longstanding fascination with the negative aspects of organizational life. The purpose of this special issue of the is to tangibly demonstrate that the concept of a "positive psychology" is gaining importance in both psychology and organizational behavior. To that end, our lead article focuses on five topic areas. First, we provide a limited historical backdrop of positive organizational research. Second, we suggest the theoretical basis for why the current overwhelming emphasis on the negative. Next, we introduce the seven peer refereed articles contained in this special issue which, when considered together, highlight the varied application and potentially widespread benefits of studying the positive in organizational research. Fourth, incorporating the "point/counterpoint" JOB framework, we offer two varying, but insightful, perspectives on positive organizational research by Luthans and Avolio and Hackman. Finally, the article concludes with a discussion of how emerging research on the positive can be used to help build a stronger science of organizational behavior.

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How to prove parental alienation: what it means and the forms of the syndrome.
During the course of his book, Swain discusses Marx’s various accounts of how, under capitalism, the majority are alienated from the labour process, from the products of their own labour, from the natural world, from one another, and even from their own selves. As Swain recognises, and as Allen Wood has noted, the sheer variety of phenomena to which Marx refers as instances of one or another species of alienation under capitalism presents difficulties for his interpreters. Indeed, the very title of Swain’s book is somewhat controversial, insofar as some commentators have denied that Marx presents a unified theory of alienation. According to Wood, for instance, the diversity of phenomena from which Marx claims that one is alienated under capitalism lack sufficient unity or commonality to be treated under a single overarching theory. For Swain, however, alienation merits attention as a common theme underlying various forms of estrangement and disempowerment emerging from capitalist modes of production. Marxism is an activist tradition, Swain insists, and an appreciation of the capitalist roots of many familiar forms of alienation experienced in the modern world should be instrumental in motivating the active pursuit of a socialist alternative to capitalism.


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Having discussed Marx’s account of the historical emergence of the proletariat and its potential to introduce a classless society with the overthrow of capitalism, Swain proceeds to examine, through chapters four to nine, a series of forms of alienation under capitalism. Although Swain does not explicitly make this point himself, his successive treatment of a variety of forms of alienation has a kind of dialectical unity which might be thought to support his contention that Marx’s remarks on this topic do indeed belong to a more or less unified theory. Beginning with what he takes to be the most basic form of alienation under capitalism according to Marx, the order in which Swain discusses a variety of forms of capitalist alienation seems to be determined by the subject-matter under discussion. For instance, Swain’s account of how Marx addresses alienation from the product of one’s labour arises quite naturally from an immediately prior discussion of alienation from one’s own labour. Swain does not explore the possibility, however, of a dialectical account of the unity of alienation under capitalism.

Alienation from the labour process is closely related, however, to alienation from the product of one’s labour, and this is the topic of Swain’s fifth chapter. Here, as elsewhere throughout his book, Swain employs a variety of current day examples to illustrate the contemporary relevance of Marx’s theory. As Swain points out, low-waged workers the world over are compelled into the daily expenditure of their labour in the manufacture of consumer goods, which they can never realistically expect to afford and enjoy for themselves. As such, the worker loses any natural sense of being invested in the product of their labour, which confronts them instead as a hostile reminder of their disempowerment, and of how their work serves the interests of those more powerful than themselves.

Aug 05, 2017 · Parental Alienation Syndrome #PAS ..

According to Marx, capitalist modes of socio-economic arrangement are invariably such as to condemn the majority of persons to a condition of ‘alienation’. Under capitalism, Marx argues, workers are estranged from the conditions of a fulfilling existence and experience disempowerment, frustration and insecurity. Dan Swain’s brief and accessible book, Alienation: An Introduction to Marx’s Theory, provides a helpful guide to this topic and argues for its continuing relevance in the early twenty-first century, and, indeed, for as long as capitalism remains with us.

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Of particular interest in motivating the contemporary relevance of Marx’s theory of alienation are chapters nine and ten, which address modern humanity’s estrangement from its natural environment, and whether Marxist theories of waged labour are relevant to modern forms of employed work. Swain’s chapter on alienation from nature confronts the myth that Marx was uninterested in environmental matters, and shows how Marxism connects the struggle against capitalism with the pursuit of a more environmentally responsible mode of economic production. Chapter ten offers a critical response to Hardt and Negri, according to whom Marx’s account of wage labour is no longer applicable in Western society, where employment in manufacturing has shrunk significantly, and the service sector has increased. Swain argues that workers still have little opportunity for originality in most kinds of paid employment, and that there remains for the worker little control over her working environment. As Swain explains, the alienation from the labour process which the worker experiences under capitalist conditions arises from the practical necessity of conceding control over one’s labour to an employer in exchange for a wage, and this form of worker disempowerment cannot be eliminated without the replacement of capitalism by a socialist model of common democratic ownership.

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Children who are exposed to PAS suffer in a variety of general as well as specific ways from this experience. It will often have both temporary and lasting effects on their lives. This is obviously not the intention of the alienator but it is the result of such alienation procedures and programming which causes the child to show a negative attitude and behaviour towards one of the parents. To deal with this problem a variety of therapeutic techniques are required and these will be covered in another article.