• Tuskegee Airmen - Wikipedia
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1 / 7 Show Caption + Hide Caption – Aerial image of the Tuskegee Army Air Field located in Alabama, 1942. (WW2 Signal Corps …

Tuskegee Airmen National Museum

Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr. – General, United States Air …

On April 12, 1945, the United States Army Air Force arrested 101 of its African American officers
This medal honors the Tuskegee Airmen, a group of African-American pilots who flew for the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. Their unique military record inspired revolutionary reform in the Armed Forces.

The Tuskegee Airmen: 5 Fascinating Facts - History in …

Tuskegee Airmen Bronze Medal | U.S. Mint - The official site of the United States …
By the end of the war, the Tuskegee Airmen were credited with 109 Luftwaffe aircraft shot down, the German-operated Italian destroyer TA-23 sunk by machine-gun fire, and destruction of numerous fuel dumps, trucks and trains. The squadrons of the 332nd FG flew more than 15,000 sorties on 1,500 missions. The unit received recognition through official channels and was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for a mission flown March 24, 1945, escorting B-17s to bomb the Daimler-Benz tank factory at Berlin, Germany, an action in which its pilots were credited with destroying three Me-262 jets, all belonging to the Luftwaffe’s all-jet Jagdgeschwader 7, in aerial combat that day, despite the American unit initially claiming 11 Me 262s on that particular mission. However on examining German records, JG 7 records just four Me 262s were lost and all of the pilots survived. In return the 463rd Bomb Group, one of the many B-17 groups the 322nd were escorting, lost two bombers. The 332nd themselves lost three P-51s during the mission. The bombers also made substantial claims, making it impossible to tell which units were responsible for those individual four kills. The 99th Fighter Squadron in addition received two DUCs, the second after its assignment to the 332nd FG. The Tuskegee Airmen were awarded several Silver Stars, 150 Distinguished Flying Crosses, 8 Purple Hearts, 14 Bronze Stars and 744 Air Medals

 

Tuskegee Airmen Fly First Mission by Black Pilots

On April 12, 1945, the United States Army Air Force arrested 101 of its African American officers.
During its training, the 99th Fighter Squadron was commanded by
white and Puerto Rican officers, beginning with Major James Ellison. By
1942, however, it was Colonel Frederick Kimble who oversaw operations
at the Tuskegee airfield. Kimble maintained segregation on the field in
deference to local customs – a policy the airmen resented.
Later that year, the Air Corps replaced Kimble with the director of
Instruction at Tuskegee Army Airfield, Major Noel F. Parrish. Parrish,
counter to the prevalent racism of the day, was fair and open-minded,
and petitioned Washington to allow the Tuskegee Airmen to serve in
combat.


In June 1941, the Tuskegee program officially began with formation of the 99th Fighter Squadron at the Tuskegee Institute, a highly regarded university founded by Booker T. Washington, through the work of Lewis Adams and George W. Campbell in Tuskegee, Alabama. The unit consisted of an entire service arm, including ground crew. After basic training at Moton Field, they were moved to the nearby Tuskegee Army Air Field about 16 km (10 mi) to the west for conversion training onto operational types. The Airmen were placed under the command of Captain Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., then one of the few black West Point graduates. His father Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. was the first black general in the U.S. Army.


Tuskegee Airmen Honored At 'Red Tails' Screening In …

The Tuskegee Airmen is the popular name of a group of African American pilots who flew with distinction during World War II as the 332nd Fighter Group of the US Army Air Corps.

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"But in those days of the segregatedArmy, the answer came back from the chief of the Army Air Corps that becausethere were no blacks in the Army Air Corps and it was not contemplatedto have aviation in any of the black units, the application was disapproved."

Air Force Times, Independent News For Airmen | Air Force Times

Placed in command of the first black Air Force unit,the 99th Pursuit Squadron at Tuskegee Army Air Field, he moved withthe Squadron to North Africa in 1943, and later to Sicily.

Benjamin Oliver Davis, Jr., General, United States Air Force

Major James A. Ellison returns the salute of Mac Ross of Dayton, Ohio,
as he passes down the line during review of the first class of Tuskegee
cadets; flight line at U.S. Army Air Corps basic and advanced flying
school, Tuskegee, Alabama, 1941 with Vultee BT-13 trainers in the background.