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Learn about the Presidential election process, including the Electoral College, caucuses and primaries, and the national conventions.

The 1824 Election and the "Corrupt Bargain" …

The “Corrupt Bargain” of the 1824 Presidential Election

ARTICLES AVAILABLE AT PRESIDENT ELECT - The Electoral Process Before the 12th Amendment
The Electoral College is a method of indirect popular election of the President of the United States. Instead of voting for a specific candidate, voters in an indirect popular election select a panel of individuals pledged to vote for a specific candidate. This is in contrast to a popular election where votes are cast for an individual candidate. For example, in a general presidential election, voters select electors to represent their vote in the Electoral College, and not for an individual presidential candidate.

Electoral College Results for 1824

What is the US presidential election process? - Quora
In , George W. Bush was declared the winner of the general election and became the 43rd president, but he didn’t win the popular vote either. Al Gore holds that distinction, garnering about 540,000 more votes than Bush. However, Bush won the electoral vote, 271 to 266.

 

Election of 1824 | U.S. Capitol Historical Society

Posts about Election of 1824 written by U.S
The creation of the Electoral College represented something of a compromise at the Constitutional Convention between those who wanted the president to be directly elected by the people and those who believed that Congress was better equipped to make this decision. But almost from the start, their brainchild proved problematic. In the , Republican Thomas Jefferson accidentally tied his own running mate, Aaron Burr, and the election had to be decided by neither the people nor the Electoral College but by the House of Representatives. This problem was addressed by the Twelfth Amendment; in the future, Electors would cast their two ballots in separate presidential and vice presidential elections. But in 1824, a different glitch in the electoral process surfaced when Andrew Jackson received a third more votes than his nearest competitor, John Quincy Adams, but still lost the election. Since Jackson did not win a majority in the Electoral College, the election was decided by the House of Representatives, and Adams prevailed. In 1876, Democrat Sam Tilden also won the popular vote, but there were just enough disputed votes in four southern states to deny him an Electoral College victory. And when Congress formed a special electoral commission to determine the outcome, all of the disputed contests remarkably tipped Republican Rutherford Hayes's way, costing Tilden the election. And in 1888, Grover Cleveland received almost 100,000 more popular votes than Benjamin Harrison but still lost decisively in the Electoral College, 233-168.

Andrew Jackson believed John Quincy Adams stole the presidential election in 1824
Should no presidential candidate receive an absolute majority, the House of Representatives determines who the next President will be. Each state may cast one vote and an absolute majority is needed to win. Similarly, the Senate decides who the next Vice President will be if there is no absolute majority after the Electoral College vote. Elections have been decided by Congress in the past. The House of Representatives elected Thomas Jefferson President in the election of 1800 when the Electoral College vote resulted in a tie. When the Electoral College vote was so split that none of the candidates received an absolute majority in the election of 1824, the House elected John Quincy Adams President. Richard Johnson was elected Vice President by the Senate when he failed to receive an absolute majority of electoral votes in the election of 1836.


47 Interesting Facts about U.S. Presidential Elections

After Election Day, on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, these electors assemble in their state capitals, cast their ballots, and officially select the next President of the United States. Legally, the electors may vote for someone other than the candidate for whom they were pledged to vote. This phenomenon is known as the "unfaithful" or "faithless" elector. Generally, this does not happen. The candidate who receives the most votes in a state at the general election will be the candidate for whom the electors later cast their votes. The candidate who wins in a state is awarded all of that state’s Electoral College votes. Maine and Nebraska are exceptions to this winner-take-all rule.

United States presidential election in Maryland, 1824

The authors of the Constitution put this system in place so that careful and calm deliberation would lead to the selection of the best-qualified candidate. Voters in each state actually cast a vote for a block of electors who are pledged to vote for a particular candidate. These electors, in turn, vote for the presidential candidate. The number of electors for each state equals its Congressional representation.

PPT – Election of 1824 Candidates: PowerPoint …

In , John Quincy Adams was elected president despite not winning either the popular vote or the electoral vote. Andrew Jackson was the winner in both categories. Jackson received 38,000 more popular votes than Adams, and beat him in the electoral vote 99 to 84. Despite his victories, Jackson didn’t reach the majority 131 votes needed in the Electoral College to be declared president. In fact, neither candidate did. The decision went to the House of Representatives, which voted Adams into the White House.