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Franz Joseph Haydn (1732–1809) was an Austrian composer, one of the most prolific and prominent composers of the Classical period

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Joseph Haydn : the story of his life
Franz Joseph Haydn (March 31, 1732 – May 31, 1809) was an composer. He was one of the most important, prolific and prominent of the . He is often called the "Father of the " and "Father of the " because of his important contributions to these genres. He was also instrumental in the development of the and in the evolution of .

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Franz Joseph Haydn died in 1809, after twice dictating his recollections and preparing a catalog of his works. At the time of his death, Haydn was mourned as one of the musical giants of his time. His long career enabled him to produce a vast quantity of works that defined the Viennese Classical style. On June 15, 1809, Mozart’s Requiem was performed in Haydn’s honor at the Schottenkirche. Among the mourners were many French officers of high rank from Napoleon’s invasion force, and the guard of honor round the catafalque was composed of French soldiers and a detachment of the civic guard. He was buried in the Hundsturm churchyard, outside the lines, close to the suburb in which he lived. In 1820 Haydn’s remains were exhumed by command of Prince Esterhazy and solemnly reinterred in the upper parish church at Eisenstadt on November 7. A simple stone with a Latin inscription was inserted in the wall over the vault to inform the passers-by that a great man rests below.


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09/09/2011 · “Kyrie” from Lord Nelson Mass — Franz Joseph Haydn & “Daemon Irrepit Callidus” — György Orbán
Born second of twelve children to a poor but music-loving family, at the age of eight Franz Joseph was accepted in the choir of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna. In 1749, after enduring nine years at the cathedral, he was turned out when his voice broke. Without money, a job, or a home, the young man somehow survived by singing, playing the harpsichord where he could, and teaching, all the time practicing and continuing to study music. He also began composing and making connections, and was given his first professional position leading the orchestra of a Count Morzin of Bohemia. His first symphony led to his being engaged in 1761 as orchestra conductor to the Hungarian Prince Paul Anton Esterházy. Haydn spent thirty years in the employ of the Esterházys, virtually as a servant, but nevertheless composing some 90 symphonies, two dozen operas, a number of masses, and vast amounts of chamber music. His fame spread across Europe due to the publication of his music and, almost unknown to him, the immense popularity of his music set the standard of the musical tastes and techniques of the next half century. He met the young in 1781 and the two became close friends and admirers of the other's music.

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Composers came from all over Europe to study in and around Vienna, and gradually they developed and formalized the standard musical forms that were to dominate European musical culture for the next several decades. A reform of the extravagance of Baroque opera was undertaken by Christoph von Gluck. Johann Stamitz contributed greatly to the growth of the orchestra and developed the idea of the orchestral symphony. The Classical Period reached its majestic culmination with the masterful Symphonies, Sonatas, and String Quartets of the three great composers of the Viennese School: Franz Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven. Other notable, but minor composers included Mozart’s father, several of J.S. Bach’s sons, Johann Hummel, Muzio Clementi, Friedrich Kuhlau, and many others.


Joseph Haydn was born in , , a village near the border with . His father was , a who also served as "Marktrichter", an office akin to village mayor. Haydn's mother Maria, née Koller, had previously worked as a cook in the palace of , the presiding aristocrat of Rohrau. Neither parent could read music; however, Mathias was an enthusiastic , who during the journeyman period of his career had taught himself to play the . According to Haydn's later reminiscences, his childhood family was extremely musical, and frequently sang together and with their neighbours.

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Known today as the "The father of the Symphony and the String quartet", Haydn actually invented neither, but did develop them into the forms that eventually swept throughout Europe. Joseph Haydn was evidently an unassuming man who seemingly without effort turned out literally hundreds of sonatas, quartets, symphonies, operas and concertos during his career. His music is always extremely well-crafted and seemingly simple and charming, but there are always flights of fancy and pure jokes amidst the classical veneer. The most famous example is the "surprise" in the second movement of his Symphony no. 94 in G major, but his humor can also be heard in the finale of the Symphony no. 82 , nicknamed "the Bear" as the bass drone and chortling bassoons in the finale conjured images of a dancing bear in the minds of the symphony's first audiences. Haydn's modernization of the Rococo string quartet turned it into the intimate form we know, in which all four instruments are treated with equal importance. The late String Quartet, op. 76 no.3 gives an idea of the melodic elegance found in the 83 quartets composed by this master of the genre.

The Story of Silent Night: Joseph Mohr and Franz …

FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732-1809), Austriancomposer, was born on the 31st of March 1732 at Rohrau(Trstnik), a village on the borders of and . There is sufficient evidence that hisfamily was of Croatian stock: a fact which throws light upon thedistinctively Slavonic character of much of his . He received the first rudiments ofeducation from his father, a wheelwright with twelve children, andat an early age evinced a decided musical . This attracted the attention of adistant relative named Johann Mathias Frankh, who was schoolmasterin the neighbouring town of , and who, in 1738, took the child andfor the next two years trained him as a chorister. In 1740, on therecommendation of the ofHainburg, Haydn obtained a place in the of St Stephen's, , where he took the -part in the services and received, at thechoir school, some further instruction on the and the . In 1749 his voice broke, andthe director, Georg von Reutter, took the occasion of a boyishescapade to turn him into the streets. A few friends him money and found him pupils,and in this way he was enabled to enter upon a rigorous course ofstudy (he is said to have worked for sixteen hours a day), partlydevoted to Fux's treatise on , partly to the " Friedrich "and " "sonatas of C. P. E. Bach, from which he gained his earliestacquaintance with the principles of musical structure. The firstfruits of his work were a comic , Der neue krumme Teufel, and aMass in F major (both written in 1751), the former of which wasproduced with success. About the same time he made the acquaintanceof , who waslodging in the same house, and who introduced him to one or twopatrons; among others Senor Martinez, to whose daughter he gavelessons, and Porpora, who, in 1753, took him for the summer toMannersdorf, and there gave him instruction in singing and in the.