• This makes them critical of third-wave feminists.
  • feminism, history of |
  • History of feminism - Wikipedia

So, for example, a Liberal approach of the kind already mentionedmight define feminism (rather simplistically here) in terms of twoclaims:

A Brief History: The Three Waves of Feminism

A Brief History of Feminism | Plato Shrugs

Oct 14, 2016 · Feminism is now the rallying cry of the modern liberal
Several reading strategies other than the standard have been advocated. Some feminists advocate a radical departure from the norms of textual interpretation by focusing, and drawing out the “unthought” of a text; its images and metaphors; its omissions and paradoxes. (Deutscher 1997) Others emphasize the importance of questioning the line demarcating a text from its cultural, psychological or material context. (Schott 1997) And yet others advocate for an active philosophical engagement with a text rather than the backward-looking activity of trying to determine the exactmeaning of a historical text. (LeDoeuff 1991) These reading strategies, in turn, raise further issues concerning the limits of the history of philosophyand the criteria for adequate interpretation.

History of feminism The ancient world

Cynthia Freeland (2000) criticizes the idea that feminists can mine the history of philosophy for useful ideas as other philosophical movements and perspectives have done. She argues that the feminist appropriation/inheritance approach to the history of philosophy is an ideology. Freeland defines an ideology as a theory or viewpoint that is politically oppressive and epistemically flawed. Feminists who view the philosophical canon as a resource to be mined for ideas useful to feminism are engaged in a potentially oppressive activity since the history of philosophy is replete with ideas and theories that are (or might be) oppressive of women today. The epistemic flaw is that the appropriation approach is overly reverential of the tradition and might therefore be insufficiently critical of it. Deference is not an epistemic virtue. Freeland points out that appropriators tend to use standard criteria of historical interpretation like the principle of charity that tries to find consistency in a philosopher's theories or doctrines. Following out this line of thought, it turns out that all standard historians of philosophy might be guilty of this epistemic defect since all of them use standard criteria of historical interpretation. The criticism cuts a wide swath since it requires feminist historians of philosophy to deviate radically from the norms of their discipline since it turns out that the norms themselves might promote deference and oppression. What kind of feminist engagement with the history of philosophy remains possible?


A brief history of African feminism - MsAfropolitan

Disagreements over the value of the history of philosophy for feminist theory has stimulated discussion concerning the methods and presuppositions of the study of the history of philosophy itself. Can feminists use the history of philosophy as a resource in the same way that other philosophical movements have done? This question, in turn, inspires us to reflect upon different reading strategies that we might employ in relation to the history of philosophy.

Why is it that feminist philosophers have reached different, andeven sometimes incompatible interpretations of the history ofphilosophy? The multiple and contrary readings of thephilosophical canon by feminists reflects the contested nature of the“us” of contemporary feminism. The fact that feminist interpretationsof canonical figures is diverse reflects, and is a part of, on-goingdebates within feminism over its identity and self-image. Disagreementsamong feminist historians of philosophy over the value of canonicalphilosophers, and the appropriate categories to use to interpret them,are, in the final analysis, the result of debate within feministphilosophy over what feminism is, and what is theoretical commitmentsshould be, and what its core values are.

History and theory of feminism - CA Water Info

Other feminists have urged the reconsideration of the views ofcanonical figures, like Hume and Dewey, who have played only a minorrole in the negative feminist canon. For example, Annette Baier hasargued at length for the value of a Humean perspective in bothepistemology and in ethics for feminist theory (Baier 1987; Baier1993). And, in Pragmatism and Feminism Charlene Seigfriedargues for the value of pragmatism for feminism; a position also takenby Richard Rorty (Seigfried 1996; Rorty 1991).

This article traces the history of U.S

For example, in The Fragility of Goodness Martha Nussbaumhas described the virtues of an Aristotelian ethics with its emphasison the importance of concrete context, emotion and care for others inan ethical life (Nussbaum 1986). And Marcia Homiak has argued thatAristotle's rational ideal, far from being antithetical to feminists,actually captures some of feminism's deepest ethical insights (Homiak1993). With regard to Descartes, Margaret Atherton has argued that hisconcept of reason was interpreted in egalitarian rather thanmasculinist terms by several women philosophers of the 18th century,and was used in their arguments for equal education for women.[]

Power in femininity & the importance of body …

Resources listed below have been chosen to provide only a springboardinto the huge amount of feminist material available on the web. Theemphasis here is on general resources useful for doing research infeminist philosophy or interdisciplinary feminist theory, e.g., thelinks connect to bibliographies and meta-sites, and resourcesconcerning inclusion, exclusion, and feminist diversity. The list isincomplete and will be regularly revised and expanded. Furtherresources on topics in feminism such as popular culture, reproductiverights, sex work, are available within each sub-entry on thattopic.