• Here are some facts about the Acropolis
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The Acropolis is an ancient citadel built on a rock in the centre of Athens, Greece

Propylaea of the Athenian Acropolis

the buildings on the Acropolis have had different uses.

all of the different buildings and myths that go along with everything
The temples on the north side of the Acropolis housed primarily the earlier Athenian cults and those of the Olympian gods, while the southern part of the Acropolis was dedicated to the cult of Athena in her many qualities: as Polias (patron of the city), Parthenos, Pallas, Promachos (goddess of war), Ergane (goddess of manual labour) and Nike (Victory).

The Acropolis Museum - Greece Is

The opening of the Acropolis Museum at its new premises in the summer of ..
The most important of these dates are the Persian capture of the Acropolis of Athens in 480, which gives a lower limit for the works they damaged; the completion of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia not later than 456; the sculptural decoration of the Parthenon, carried out in sequence from 447 to 432; the Nike of Paionios, commissioned about 420; the gravestone of Dexileos, killed at Corinth in 394; the building of the Mausoleum, which was going on in the 350s; the embellishment of the Great Altar at Pergamum, which is very probably of the early 2nd century; the destruction of Delos in 69; and the dedication of the at Rome in 9 BCE.

 

Acropolis of Athens & Site Monuments | Athens Tours

Acropolis of Athens & Site Monuments
It was built to replace two earlier temples of Athena on theAcropolis. One of these, of which almost no trace remains today,stood south of the Parthenon (between the Parthenon and theErechtheum). The other, which was still being built at the time ofthe Persian sack in 480, was on the same spot as the Parthenon. Weknow the names of the architects (Iktinos and Kallikrates) and alsoof the sculptor (Pheidias) who made the massive chryselephantine cultstatue of the goddess.


The three main types of columns used in Greek temples and otherpublic buildings are Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The truest andmost basic difference among the orders has to do with proportions(Doric columns, for example, being thicker and shorter, Ionic columnstaller and slimmer). As a shortcut, the orders may be distinguishedmost easily by their capitals (the tops of the columns). As you cansee from the following examples, the Doric capital has the simplestdesign; the Ionic has the curlicues called volutes, and theCorinthian has the acanthus leaves:


A Day At The Acropolis of Athens

Some historians believe that Athens concluded a peace treaty withPersia in 449, two years before work began on the Parthenon. Thesignificance of this would be that the Delian League/Athenian Empirecontinued to exist, even after the reason for its existence (a mutualdefense league against the Persians) had ceased to be valid. In otherwords it was now openly acknowledged that Athens was not just thehead of the Greek defense league but actually an imperial master overother Greek states. The decision by the Athenians in 454 BC to movethe League treasury from the Panhellenic sanctuary at Delos to theAthenian acropolis points in the same direction. Because theParthenon was built with League funds, the building may be read as anexpression of the confidence of the Athenians in this newly nakedimperialism. But the piety of this undertaking should not beunderestimated; the Persians had sacked the temples on the Athenianacropolis in 480, and rebuilding them fulfilled, in Bury's words, theAthenians' "debt of gratitude to heaven for the defeat of the Mede."

which was the case with other buildings in the Acropolis

It witnessed the creation of the Athens (447-422) - universally acknowledged as one of the great masterpieces of Classical Greek sculpture, with its 500-foot frieze, hundreds of reliefs, and the colossal of , by Phidias - as well as many other celebrated examples of , including: the Acropolis complex (550-404), the Temple of Zeus at Olympia (468-456), the Temple of Hephaistos (c.449), the Temple of Athena Nike (c.427), and the Theatre at Delphi (c.400).

Continue to the UNESCO-listed Acropolis of Athens for a walking ..

The Acropolis of the fifth century BC is the most accurate reflection of the splendour, power and wealth of Athens at its greatest peak, the golden age of Perikles.