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In An International ContextAnalyse the reasons for, and the importance of foreign intervention in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)

Don’t Call This a Humanitarian Intervention – Foreign …

William Easterly and the Pitfalls of Foreign Intervention

War and International Law America’s Foreign Policy: Military Intervention
The key factor in success of any trader is the complete knowledge about the Stock market and strategies involved in the Stock market. A thorough research is conducted before providing the calls.

any foreign intervention in our elections is entirely unacceptable.


As a result, Italy and Germany were now firm allies.
Franco was able to win because the most powerful groups in Spain supported him (army officers, capitalists, landowners, Catholic Church)
The Spanish Civil War increased the likelihood of a second world war.

Despite Germany signing a non-intervention agreement in September of 1936, aid and military support was given to both sides by Nazi Germany to support mostly to the Nationalists.
Non-Interventionist Policies
The Spanish Civil War

European nations feared clashing interests and ideologies; to avoid international war, Britain prohibited exports to factions and established a Non-Intervention Committee (in order to protect the Non-Intervention Agreement and ensure it's being upheld)
Spain felt that this agreement was a "legal monstrosity"
In various other European countries, there were similar disputes concerning the fascism vs.

 

Foreign Intervention and the Cambodian Genocide - …



Support for the Republic
Non-Intervention Policies
Support for the Republic
USSR
sent more than 2,000 personnel (tanks, crews and pilots) for combat on the Republican side (900 tanks, 1000 planes)
concerned about fascism, counteract the growing power of Adolf Hitler and Mussolini by supporting Republic
Mexico
gave $2,000,000 in aid
provided material assistance ( rifles, food and a small amount of American-made aircraft)
saw the war as similar to their own revolution, decided to help
France
did not send direct support to the Republicans, fearing it would spark a french civil war
If nationalists won in Spain, Germany and Italy would ally with Spain
covertly provided aid (aircraft) -- signed Non-intervention agreement
Poland
second after the USSR in selling arms to the Republic

Other material received from France, Czechoslovakia, the United States, and the United Kingdom
IB History
July 17, 1936-April 1, 1939
Brooke, Ashley, Mara & Lexi
German and Italian Aid
Fascist Support of the Nationalists
Changing Atmosphere in Europe
The Non-Intervention Committee was ineffective because Spaniards got materials other ways.
British chairman, Lord Plymouth, was not a strong leader; Britain acknowledged that some countries were bypassing agreement but ignored these actions.
The committee was confined to regional countries (only European countries had to participate in this ban), which meant other countries were still able to export arms and send volunteers.
Restrictions on non-intervention did not include granting of loans by private individuals or border crossings

Foreign Intervention in the Spanish Civil War
The International Brigades consisted of men who were against the spread of fascism, mainly communist volunteers.


If anything, we should be more skeptical of foreign intervention. Domestic programs should be relatively easier. Lawmakers should have more knowledge and (perhaps) face better incentives. Yet, we see that time and again these programs fail to achieve their goals. It follows that programs abroad, in which more people, more actors, and more variables are added would be all the more complicated to devise and implement successfully.


Foreign Intervention and the Cambodian ..

The incentive problems laid out by Easterly and Buchanan are also present in foreign intervention. In our work on , my coauthor Chris Coyne and I find that the incentives facing policymakers has led to a rapid expansion in the use of the technology in U.S. foreign policy despite data suggesting that drones fail to achieve many foreign policy objectives. We’ve made similar arguments about the U.S. trade and U.S. drug policies in .

To Foreign Intervention and the Cambodian Genocide.

The consequences of these actions are not trivial. For example, when arming the “freedom fighters” in Afghanistan during the Soviet occupation, no one could foresee that those same people would form the Taliban. When the Obama administration successfully killed Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, victory celebrations quickly turned into panic when the resulting power vacuum caused the country to descend into civil war and led to major regional instability. (See also U.S. interventions in Somalia, Iraq, and elsewhere for lots of other examples.)

How Foreign Intervention Can Save South Sudan From …

Advocates of foreign intervention almost always ignore the knowledge problems pointed out by Hayek and Easterly. While it is impossible to obtain, let alone process, all the necessary information to make a foreign intervention successful, policymakers and others continuously call for intervention after intervention.

How Foreign Intervention Can Save South Sudan From Itself

As I mentioned in my previous post, I recently had the chance to write a on Easterly’s work for the . In the piece, I argue that Easterly’s work is not only related to that of Hayek and Buchanan, but has applicability outside of the realm of development economics. In particular, the criticisms Easterly levies at development planners can also be used to discuss problems with foreign intervention. In White Man’s Burden (page 311), Easterly says that,