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In the 19th century the history of Scotland merged into the history of Britain.

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A Brief History of the King James Bible, By Dr. Laurence …

George III allowed only Church-of-England Irish to sit in Parliament.
In the 19th century the history of Scotland merged into the history of Britain.In the early 19th century the Highland clearances continued. Many Highlanders were forced to emigrate. Meanwhile further south Scotland's industries boomed. Coal and iron industries flourished. So did ship building. Scottish cities continued to grow rapidly.However housing conditions in the new industrial towns were often appalling. Disease and overcrowding were common. Still in the late 19th century conditions improved and living standards rose. Furthermore at the end of the 19th century Scottish workers began to form powerful trade unions.Meanwhile in the mid-19th century railways were built across Scotland. In 1842 a railway was built from Glasgow to Edinburgh.

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On 17 March 1649 parliament passed an act abolishing monarchy and the House of Lords.
The throne passed to Mary Queen of Scots, who was only a baby. Henry VIII of England wanted his son to marry Mary. The Regent of Scotland, the Earl of Arran signed the Treaty of Greenwich in 1543, agreeing to the marriage. However in December 1543 the Scottish parliament repudiated the treaty. So in 1544 and 1545 the English invaded southern Scotland and devastated it.

 

Brief History of the King James Bible by Dr. Laurence M. …

Furthermore in 1679 parliament passed the Act of Habeas Corpus forbidding imprisonment without trial.
Parliament, however, had provided that if William and Mary had no children, the crown should pass to Anne, a Protestant, daughter of James II by his first wife.

Meanwhile in 1973 Britain joined the EEC (forerunner of the EU). The first elections for the European parliament were held in 1979.
The Bill of Rights (1689) said that no Catholic could become king or queen. No king could marry a Catholic. Furthermore the king could not suspend laws or levy loans or taxes without parliament's consent.


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Charles II was strongly opposed. In 1679 when parliament proposed to exclude James from the succession he simply dissolved parliament. In 1681 another parliament planned to exclude James. Once again Charles dismissed parliament and for the last 4 years of his reign ruled without it. Charles II died in 1685.

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The Convention Parliament declared that the government of England should be King, Lords and Commons. Finally on 25 May 1660 Charles II landed at .

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Seven powerful nobles then stepped in. They invited the Dutchman William of Orange, husband of James's Protestant daughter Mary, to come to England with an army and promised to support him. William landed in Devon in November and in December James II fled to France. Parliament declared that the throne was vacant. William and Mary were declared joint monarchs. (Although Mary died in 1694 leaving William to reign alone).

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Finally in February 1660 General Monck, who commanded the English army stationed in Scotland marched south. He entered London in February 1660. Monck recalled the surviving members of the Long Parliament, which first met in 1640.

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The Rump parliament failed to undertake political and religious reforms so the army grew impatient. The army finally closed the Rump parliament in April 1653. The independent churches were asked to nominate men who they thought would be suitable MPs. The army then selected some of them to be MPs. This nominated parliament was called the Barebones Parliament after a member called Praise-God Barbon. However it proved just as unsatisfactory as the old Rump Parliament and it was dissolved in December 1653.