• Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture.
  • Saving the Text: Literature/Derrida/Philosophy.
  • The Relevance of Marxism Today

In Marxist ideology, what we often classify as a world view (such as the Victorian age) is actually the articulations of the dominant class.

On the Margins of Discourse: The Relation of Literature to Language.

Literature in the Modern World: Critical Essays and Documents.

Marxism and Form: Twentieth-Century Dialectical Theories of Literature. Princeton: PUP, 1971.
Archetypes, according to Jung, are "primordial images"; the "psychic residue" of repeated types of experience in the lives of very ancient ancestors which are inherited in the "collective unconscious" of the human race and are expressed in myths, religion, dreams, and private fantasies, as well as in the works of literature (Abrams, p.

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Psychoanalytic criticism may focus on the writer's psyche, the study of the creative process, the study of psychological types and principles present within works of literature, or the effects of literature upon its readers (Wellek and Warren, p.


The Marxist Perspective is a central theory within A level Sociology

Marxism generally focuses on the clash between the dominant and repressed classes in any given age and also may encourage art to imitate what is often termed an "objective" reality.

Major figures include Karl Marx, Terry Eagleton, Fredric Jameson, Raymond Williams, Louis Althusser (ALT-whos-sair), Walter Benjamin (ben-yeh-MEEN), Antonio Gramsci (GRAWM-shee), Georg Lukacs (lou-KOTCH), and Friedrich Engels, Theordor Adorno (a-DOR-no), Edward Ahern, Gilles Deleuze (DAY-looz) and Felix Guattari (GUAT-eh-ree).

Marxism - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

These critics view the genres and individual plot patterns of literature, including highly sophisticated and realistic works, as recurrences of certain archetypes and essential mythic formulae.

Marxism is the name for a set of political and economic ideas

Such an approach can be applied to normative features of democraticpractices. Rather than only providing a set of explicit principles ofjustification and institutional decision rules, democracy isalso a particular structure of free and open communication.Ideology restricts or limits such processes of communicationand undermines the conditions of success within them. Ideology asdistorted communication affects both the social conditions in whichdemocratic discussion takes place and the processes of communicationthat go on within them. The theory of ideology, therefore, analyzes theways in which linguistic-symbolic meanings are used to encode, produce,and reproduce relations of power and domination, even withininstitutional spheres of communication and interaction governed bynorms that make democratic ideals explicit in normative procedures andconstraints. As a reconstruction of the potentially correct insightsbehind Marx's exaggerated rejection of liberalism, the theory ofdistorted communication is therefore especially suited to the ways inwhich meanings are used to reproduce power even under explicit rules ofequality and freedom. This is not to say that explicit rules areunimportant: they make it possible for overt forms of coercion andpower to be constrained, the illegitimacy of which requires no appealto norms implicit in practices.

Karl Marx on Society and Social Change: With Selections …

In its use as a critical approach, postcolonialism refers to "a collection of theoretical and critical strategies used to examine the culture (literature, politics, history, and so forth) of former colonies of the European empires, and their relation to the rest of the world" (Makaryk 155 - see General Resources below).

SocioSite: Sociological Theories and Perspectives

The Prague Linguistic Circle viewed literature as a special class of language, and rested on the assumption that there is a fundamental opposition between literary (or poetical) language and ordinary language.