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Science and religion have been two concepts which are at controversy and disagreement with each other almost all the time. Many things which religion …

Scientific Materialism and Science-Religion Controversies

This controversy was whether the basic locus of religion is ..

Jun 16, 2015 · The Biology Wars: The Religion, Science and Education Controversy
Kelly Clark and Justin L. Barrett (2011) argue that the cognitivescience of religion offers the prospect of an empirically-informedReidian defense of religious belief. Thomas Reid (1764) proposed thatwe are justified in holding beliefs that arise from cognitivefaculties universally present in humans which give rise tospontaneous, non-inferential beliefs. If cognitive scientists areright in proposing that belief in God arises naturally from theworkings of our minds, we are prima facie justified in believing inGod (Clark and Barrett 2011). Ryan Nichols and Robert Callergård(2011), however, argue that this defense only works for perceptualfaculties, memory, and reliance on testimony, not for the mix ofculture and evolved biases that constitute religions, as that does notform a Reidian faculty. Others (e.g., Visala 2011) claim that thecognitive science of religion has neither positive nor negativeepistemological implications.

The science-religion controversy is a venerable and long chapter ..

The Science vs God or Charles Darwin vs Religion Faith Debate or Controversy
As noted, most studies on the relationship between science andreligion have focused on science and Christianity, with only a smallnumber of publications devoted to other religious traditions (e.g.,Brooke and Numbers 2011). Relatively few monographs pay attention tothe relationship between science and religion in non-Christian milieus(e.g., Judaism and Islam in Clark 2014). Since western science makesuniversal claims, it is easy to assume that its encounter with otherreligious traditions is similar to the interactions observed inChristianity. However, given different creedal tenets (e.g., in Hindutraditions God is usually not entirely distinct from creation, unlikein Christianity and Judaism), and because science has had distincthistorical trajectories in other cultures, one can expect disanalogiesin the relationship between science and religion in differentreligious traditions. To give a sense of this diversity, this sectionprovides a bird’s eye overview of science and religion inChristianity, Islam, and Hinduism.


Religion and Science (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Evolution Controversy and the Incompatibility of Science and Religion ..
In the nineteenth and early twentieth century, authors from newlyemerging scientific disciplines, such as anthropology, sociology, andpsychology, examined the purported naturalistic roots of religiousbelief. They did so with a broad brush, trying to explain what unifiesdiverse religious beliefs across cultures, rather than accounting forcultural variations. In anthropology, the idea that all culturesevolve and progress along the same lines (cultural evolutionism) waswidespread. Cultures with differing religious views were explained asbeing in an early stage of development. For example, Tylor (1871)regarded animism, the belief that spirits animate the world, as theearliest form of religious belief. Comte (1841) proposed that allsocieties, in their attempts to make sense of the world, go throughthe same stages of development: the theological (religious) stage isthe earliest phase, where religious explanations predominate, followedby the metaphysical stage (a non-intervening God), and culminating inthe positive or scientific stage, marked by scientific explanationsand empirical observations.

Analysis: Julie Payette stirs controversy with comments on science and religion ..
Scientific findings and theories relevant to human origins come from arange of disciplines, in particular geology, paleoanthropology (thestudy of ancestral hominins, using fossils and other evidence),archaeology, and evolutionary biology. These findings challengetraditional religious accounts of humanity, including the specialcreation of humanity, the imago Dei, the historical Adam andEve, and original sin.

Is Religion a Science-Stopper? - Crisis Magazine

The net result of scientific findings since the seventeenth centuryhas been that God was increasingly pushed into the margins. Thisencroachment of science on the territory of religion happened in twoways: first, scientific findings—in particular from geology andevolutionary theory—challenged and replaced biblical accounts ofcreation. While the doctrine of creation does not contain details ofthe mode and timing of creation, the Bible was regarded asauthoritative. Second, the emerging concept of scientific laws inseventeenth- and eighteenth-century physics seemed to leave no roomfor special divine action. These two challenges will be discussedbelow, along with proposed solutions in the contemporary science andreligion literature.

01/03/2009 · A Science and Religion Primer [Heidi A

Current work in the field of science and religion encompasses a wealthof topics, including free will, ethics, human nature, andconsciousness. Contemporary natural theologians discuss fine-tuning,in particular design arguments based on it (e.g., R. Collins 2009),the interpretation of multiverse cosmology, and the significance ofthe Big Bang. For instance, authors such as Hud Hudson (2013) haveexplored the idea that God has actualized the best of all possiblemultiverses. Here follows an overview of two topics that generatedsubstantial interest and debate over the past decades: divine action(and the closely related topic of creation), and human origins.

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From 1757 to 1947, India was under British colonial rule. This had aprofound influence on its culture. Hindus came into contact withWestern science and technology. For local intellectuals, the contactwith Western science presented a challenge: how to assimilate theseideas with their Hindu beliefs? Mahendrahal Sircar (1833–1904)was one of the first authors to examine evolutionary theory and itsimplications for Hindu religious beliefs. Sircar was an evolutionarytheist, who believed that God used evolution to create the currentlife forms. Evolutionary theism was not a new hypothesis in Hinduism,but the many lines of empirical evidence Darwin provided for evolutiongave it a fresh impetus. While Sircar accepted organic evolutionthrough common descent, he questioned the mechanism of naturalselection as it was not teleological, which went against hisevolutionary theism—this was a widespread problem for theacceptance of evolutionary theory, one that Christian evolutionarytheists also wrestled with (Bowler 2009). He also argued against theBritish colonists’ beliefs that Hindus were incapable ofscientific thought, and encouraged fellow Hindus to engage in science,which he hoped would help regenerate the Indian nation (C.M. Brown2012: chapter 6).