• blatant racial discrimination first appeared in 1885
  • Racism - Wikipedia
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The fact that black Americans were being asked to combat fascism abroad only reinforced the demands for racial justice at home.

The specific problem is: repetition, organisation, coherence

RACE - History - Timeline Articles

Racism and Discrimination; Feature; March 6, 2017, Issue; What’s Killing America’s Black Infants
The 1950s and 60s were a time of enormous social change in the U.S. Discrimination and institutional racism were being challenged at every turn. To some extent, the racial and social hierarchies that had long been accepted were being contested. And perhaps more slowly, attitudes about race and racial difference were beginning to change.

Equal Justice Initiative's report

Responsibility fell upon the litigant, usually poor, to prove discriminatory practices by a public establishment.
For a broader perspective on anti-miscegenation laws, see Peggy Pascoe, “Miscegenation Law, Court Cases, and Ideologies of ‘Race’ in Twentieth Century America,” 83 (June 1996), 44-69.


What’s Killing America’s Black Infants? | The Nation

In July, the Los Angeles band, Day Above Ground, releases a music video titled, , with highly sexist and racist lyrics. In response to the outrage that follows, the band defends it as a satirical work and argues that they are and not at all racist on the basis of the band’s positive discriminatory attitude and Asian-girl fetishism — each band member “worships” and dates Asian girls.

In June, the House of Representatives passes a resolution expressing regret (note: this is not an official apology) for the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act, which imposed severe restrictions on Chinese immigration and naturalization, and denied Chinese-Americans basic freedoms because of their race. However, the event receives little or no coverage by the media. .

What’s Killing America’s Black Infants

A reveals a potentially volatile mix of racial prejudice and political prejudice. One in four Americans harbor “negative attitudes” toward Chinese Americans: they find it inconceivable to vote for an Asian American as President of the United States and would disapprove of a family member marrying someone of Asian descent. The study indicates that considerable bias and negative stereotyping by a significant portion of the US population undermines equal opportunities and rights for Asian Americans. One in three (32%) Americans believe Chinese Americans are more loyal to China than the US, one in three (34%) Americans feel they have excessive influence in US high technology and nearly one out of two (46%) Americans fear that Chinese Americans will leak secret information to China. (These unparalleled negative figures are a point of concern for the . In comparison, the negativity rate is 15% toward the idea of an African American presidential candidate, 14% for a female candidate and 11% for a Jewish candidate.)

The Case for Reparations by Ta-Nehisi Coates - The …

I-6) was inoperative as a contravention of the guarantee of equality before the law without discrimination by reason of race, under the . After , no one was prosecuted for off-reserve liquor offences, but there were conflicting court decisions on alcohol and uncertainty about the future operation or application of section 95(b).

24/05/2014 · The Case for Reparations

The US Justice Dept. rounds up and interns some 110,000 ethnic Japanese, the majority of whom were born in the US. The premier newsweekly, Time, publishes a fallacious racial article titled, How to Tell Your Friends from the Japs, but later concedes that there is no infallible method, not even genetically, of telling the Chinese and Japanese apart. Chinese Americans resort to carrying identity cards issued by a Chinese consul general and wearing badges declaring, “I am Chinese.”

Two hundred fifty years of slavery

De Graaf, “Significant Steps on an Arduous Path: The Impact of World War II on Discrimination Against African-Americans in the West,” 35, (1996), 24-27.