• Political Realism Vs. Political Idealism - Fact / Myth
  • Realism, Idealism and International ..
  • Realism, Idealism, and International ..

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is by , Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI), Stanford University

The Invention of International Relations Theory: Realism, ..

Political Realism | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Hence, pluralists reject the 'high politics' 'low politics' divide characteristic of realism.
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As a result, constructivism remains more of a philosophically and theoretically informed perspective on and approach to the empirical study of international relations.

Realism - By Branch / Doctrine - The Basics of Philosophy

They also contend with the predominance of a physical conception of power inherent in realism.
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No general theory of the social construction of reality is available to be borrowed from other fields and international relations constructivists have not as yet managed to formulate a fully fledged theory of their own.


Idealism - By Branch / Doctrine - The Basics of Philosophy

Components of it might be recognized both in the realist, and the liberal schools of international relations.
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Realism is thus more than a static, amoral theory, and cannot beaccommodated solely within a positivist interpretation of internationalrelations. It is a practical and evolving theory that depends on the actualhistorical and political conditions, and is ultimately judged by itsethical standards and by its relevance in making prudent politicaldecisions (Morgenthau 1962). Realism also performs a useful cautionaryrole. It warns us against progressivism, moralism, legalism, and otherorientations that lose touch with the reality of self-interest andpower. Considered from this perspective, the neorealist revival of the 1970s can also be interpreted as a necessary corrective to an overoptimistic liberal belief ininternational cooperation and change resulting frominterdependence.

Offensive realism holds that anarchy (the absence of a worldwide government or universal sovereign) provides strong incentives for expansion.
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Thirdly, pluralists challenge the realist assumption of the state as a rational actor, and this derives from the second assumption where the clash of competing interests may not always provide for a rational decision making process.

Political Realism, Ideology and Power:

Offensive realists however, disagree over the historical prevalence of hegemonic regional systems and the likely responses of weaker states to would-be regional hegemons (e.g., balancing, buck-passing, or bandwagoning).

What is the social contract theory

Pluralism can be seen to derive principally from a liberal tradition, rooted in Locke's 'Second Treatise of Government', and to pose an anti-realist vision of the centrality of the state in world politics.

It is usually contrasted with idealism or ..

While holding true to the neorealist concept of balance of power, neoclassical realism further adds that states' mistrust and inability to perceive one another accurately, or state leaders' inability to mobilize state power and public support can result in an underexpansion or underbalancing behaviour leading to imbalances within the international system, the rise and fall of great powers, and war.

Idealism in international relations - Wikipedia

It commonly deals with a government’s interventions in other governments’ affairs–and is thus an aspect of political philosophy, but it can also be extended to interventions in others’ cultures, religions, lifestyles, and economic activities–and thus can fit into applied ethics, covering such issues as paternalism, imperialism, and topics in business, medical, and environmental ethics.

Idealism in international relations ..

Imperialism as a national foreign policy is in contrast to 'status quo' foreign policy and a foreign policy of 'prestige.' The policy of imperialism assumes the classical realist theory perspective of analysis at the unit level in international relations.