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Essay Topics: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Research Paper

Good example research paper about Obsessive–compulsive disorder in APA format
The mean age of onset for OCD in one study was in the early 20s, withover half of the patients becoming symptomatic by age 25, and three quartersby age 30. Fewer than 5 percent of the patients had onset past age 40. Anotherstudy of 83 patients arrived at similar findings: 65 percent of the samplehad onset prior to 25 years of age. Another group found that 27 OCD patientshad a mean onset of 25.6 years. A more recent report found a mean age ofonset in 44 OCD patients of 19.8 years. From those data, it is quite apparentthat OCD usually begins in early adulthood.

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Cheap University Papers on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Research Paper .
Some patients spend inordinate periods of time placing objects in aspecific order. Others suffer with primary obsessional slowness and become stuck for hours while performing everyday tasks, such as dressing and eating. Relatively rare subtypes are being identified, such as patients with obsessions and compulsions primarily aimed at controlling an overwhelming fear of havinga bowel movement or urinating in public or young women who have face-picking bouts which can last for hours. Other disorders that may be closely relatedto OCD are monosymptomatic hypochondriasis, body dysmorphic disorder, and obsessive fear of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), cancer, orsome other illness.

 

APA Style Research Paper on OCD Essay Topics

Thesis Statement on OCD - Paper-Research
Nemiah and Uhde noted that, in the face of the impulse's constant threatto escape the primary defense of isolation, further defensive operations are required to combat the impulse and to quiet the anxiety aroused by its imminent eruption into consciousness. The anxiety-allaying function of compulsiveacts can readily be noted in the clinical manifestations of OCD. The compulsiveact is the manifestation of a defensive operation aimed at reducing anxietyand at controlling the underlying impulse that has not been sufficientlycontained by isolation. A particularly important secondary defensive operationof that sort is the mechanism of undoing. As the word suggests, undoing refersto a compulsive act that is performed in an attempt to prevent or undo theconsequences that the patient irrationally anticipates from a frighteningobsessional thought or impulse.

Obsessive compulsive disorder and research papers
OCD patients usually present with specific complaints, such as pronouncedobsessions or compulsive rituals, that allow the clinician to make the diagnosiseasily. With nonpsychiatric physicians and even with psychiatrists who donot specialize in anxiety disorders, patients may be reluctant to discusssymptoms that they find embarrassing or disgusting. Some patients in intensivepsychodynamic psychotherapy or psychoanalysis do not even mention their OCDsymptoms. For that reason, clinicians should question new patients specificallyabout intrusive repetitive thoughts or rituals. Sometimes paper and pencilquestionnaires, such as the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (Table 17.3-1) (Table Not Available) and the Yale-Brown Obsessive-CompulsiveScale allow patientsto respond positively to questions that the clinician can later discuss morefully. Sometimes patients cannot resist performing rituals in front of thephysician, or they refuse to shake hands for fear of contamination. Mostpatients, however, can resist their urges when they are in public or in thephysician's office. Patients usually appear completely normal to the casualobserver.


Term papers on ocd - Leapor an essay

Nemiah and Uhde noted that ambivalence is the direct result of a changein the characteristics of the impulse life. Ambivalence is an important featureduring the normal anal-sadistic developmental phase. Children in that phasefeel both love and murderous hate toward the same person. One emotion followsthe other in such rapid succession that they appear temporarily to existside by side. In normal development much of the aggression is neutralized,and what remains is the desire to win out over, rather than to destroy, theother person. As a result, in a mature person, love for the object is dominant,and aggression plays a minor role. When regression occurs, there is a returnto the earlier level of functioning, in which ambivalence is a characteristicmode of feeling. OCD patients often consciously experience both love andhate towards others. The conflict of opposing emotions may be seen in thedoing-undoing patterns of behavior and in the paralyzing doubt in the face of choices that are so frequently found in persons with OCD.

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According to Nemiah and Uhde, the psychoanalytic concepts of disturbancesin development and fixation points permit an understanding of the processof regression. In the classic analytic formulation, regression is the centralmechanism in the formation of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and determinesthat a person will develop that disorder rather thana conversion disorder. According to psychoanalytic theory, the person withconversion disorder has repressed oedipal genital libido, and the energyfrom that undischarged impulse is converted into somatic symptoms. A differentprocess occurs in the obsessive-compulsive reaction. OCD patients may beginwith a conflict over the oedipal genital impulse, when, for example, it isaroused by an environmental stimulus. Instead of repressing and convertingthat impulse, they avoid the associated anxiety by abandoning the genitalimpulses and regressing to the earlier anal-sadistic phase. Regression isfacilitated by the fixation points that remain from the distortions that occurred during childhood development. By giving up genital urges, patientsare no longer confronted with the conflicts and problems resulting from theseurges.

What Is OCD and How is it Recognized?

Patients who divulge the nature of their obsessions may appear bizarreor irrational, but they almost always retain full insight and recognize thattheir thoughts and impulses are unreasonable and alien to the rest of theirpersonality structure. No generalizations can be made about the personalitytypes of OCD patients, and their demeanor may range from histrionic cryingto obsessive fussiness and controlling. The majority meet criteria at leastfor mild personality disorders when first presenting to the physician, butthose features usually subside as OCD symptoms improve. Conclusions cannot be drawn, therefore, about personality disorders or personality type whenthe patient is actively ill with OCD or with any other severe psychiatricor medical illness.