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Stimulant drugs increase heart rate, blood pressure, energy, concentration, and generally speed up the body.

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Signs & Symptoms of Drug Abuse

Methamphetamine abuse causes the health problems such as extreme weight loss and dental problems.
Frequently used as a stimulant to lose weight and to reduce fatigue, methamphetamine was developed in the early 1900's from amphetamine. It is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting crystalline powder. Amphetamine and methamphetamine act on the norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin systems. MDMA, chemically known methylenedioxymethamphetamine and commonly known as Ecstasy, is also related to this drug group.

Testing for drugs of abuse (DOA) - UpToDate

In 1919 Akira Ogata synthesized crystallized methamphetamine from ephedrine and phosphorus iodine.
Originally, motorcycle gangs, such as Hells Angels, dominated the manufacturing and distribution of methamphetamine. Today, independent organizations, including some based in Mexico, make and distribute methamphetamine across the country.


Methamphetamine Uses, Side Effects, Warnings - Drugs…

During world war two the Germans widely used and distributed methamphetamines without restriction.
Smoking methamphetamine produces a high that is reported to last from 7 to 24 hours. The purity and rapid onset of the high makes it difficult for the smoker to monitor his or her use of this illicit drug, contributing to its potential for overdose. Methamphetamine is smoked in a special glass pipe. Although users have been known to inhale methamphetamine heated on aluminum foil, this practice has lost favor because users have begun to think that the use of the foil could contribute to Alzheimer Disease.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. “Methamphetamine Abuse and Addiction.” NIDA Research Report Sept. 2006: NIH Publication No. 06-4210. 2006. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. ;.

Learn about side effects, interactions and indications.

Initially, methamphetamine users are attracted to the sensations of invulnerability and elation they feel after using this drug. Initially, they may also experience increased energy, alertness, self-confidence, heightened endurance and sexual arousal. Physiologically, methamphetamine dilates the pupils, increases the heart rate, raises blood pressure, lowers appetite, and causes palpitations, dizziness, tremors, sweating, restlessness, headaches, diarrhea and dry mouth.

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In its pure form, methamphetamine resembles crystals (looks like rock salt) and can be smoked. One form of methamphetamine that is smoked is called ”Ice.” The use of Ice is largely restricted to Hawaii and the West Coast. Recently, several street contacts in New York reported that they smoked a form of methamphetamine called “glass.”

Methamphetamine Facts | Drug Policy Alliance

Long term use can lead to severe psychological dependence and physical dependence. As one user noted, “Once you use it a few times, you continue to think about it long after you stop.” Other psychological effects include irritability, insomnia, hyperactivity, impaired social judgments, and auditory and perceptual hallucinations. Tolerance to the stimulant properties of methamphetamine develops after a few weeks. To compensate, users engage in a spiral pattern of increasing dosages that can result in a greater risk of overdose, coma and death.

“Methamphetamine Abuse and Addiction.”

It appears that methamphetamine users are slower to experience severe complications of addiction as compared to cocaine abusers. Chronic abusers become irritable and unstable. They may experience impotence and changes in libido. They tend to show signs of social, emotional and intellectual deterioration; some experience suicidal tendencies. In extreme cases, prolonged use may lead to a psychosis indistinguishable from schizophrenia.