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The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act) Introduction

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

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It was not until 1980 that the Refugee Act was enacted. This law laid out a refugee policy separate from immigration policy. Any person in fear of persecution in their home country could apply to enter the United States under the Refugee Act. The passage of the bill saw a mass of applications by immigrants from El Salvador, Nicaragua and Guatemala. However, their approval rates were very low demonstrating flaws in the bill.

Immigration Act of 1924 - United States American History

The role of Immigration Act of 1924 in the history of the United States of America.
The new system had a major effect on countries in the Western hemisphere, especially Mexico. Without quotas there was a long waiting list of Mexicans wanting to immigrate into the United States. European immigration was among the most prevalent before 1960, but with the 1965 Act large masses of immigrants from Asian and Hispanic countries rose dramatically. This caused fear and racial concerns to rise as well. President Nixon focused on applying stricter enforcement laws to counter those fears. He implemented large scale raids and deportations in Mexican communities. President Ford then created the “Domestic Council Committee on Illegal Aliens” to study the effects of undocumented workers in the United States. The results of the study showed that immigrants were good for the economy and they gave more in taxes than they took in welfare or health care.

 

Immigration Acts of the 1950s | Immigration of the 1950s


When John F. Kennedy was elected President he realized the need to reform the immigration laws. He had written a book called A Nation of Immigrants which explained why the United States should change the National Origins Act’s quota system. Kennedy proposed a bill that created a system for allowing immigrants into the country based on family ties and special skills called the Immigration and Nationality Act also known as the Hart-Cellar Act. President Johnson signed the bill into law.


The welcoming of Chinese immigrants stopped abruptly as fear grew that they were taking over jobs and a threat to society. Several laws were passed to exclude them from society. In 1882 the first of three Chinese Exclusion Acts was passed, banning more Chinese immigration. It was not until 1943 that China and the United States became allies during World War II and the exclusion laws were repealed.


Summary of Immigration Laws - SUNY Ulster

The Effects
The passing of these two anti-immigration acts shows the influence of “100% Americans,” Nativists, and anti-Communists.
These laws catastrophically decreased European immigration and effectively shut down immigration from Asia.
These laws angered many foreigners, who felt discriminated against.

Summary of Immigration Laws, 1875-1918

Rallies started in Japan because of these acts.
Ultimately, anti-communism, Nativist sentiment and ideals, and the return of American soldiers from war led to the passing of these two acts and the overall disintegration of immigration to the United States after 1921.
However, immigration left its mark, as an immense amount of people and their respective cultures had already blended and into American society.

Anti-Immigration in the 1920's and the Quota Acts by …

Immigration Act of 1824
To limit immigration even more, Congress went a step farther and passed the Immigration Act of 1824.
This piece of anti-immigration legislation cut the quota for each ethnic group to 2%, and it completely barred immigration from Asia.
This act effectively slowed immigration to a trickle.

Immigration Act of 1988 (1988; 100th Congress S

The Response The Emergency Quota Act of 1921
In response to many “100% Americans” and anti-Communists, the Emergency Quota Act was passed.
It assigned a quota to certain immigrants belonging to an ethnic group, in which only a certain number of immigrants could enter the country, and that number was based on 3% of the total number of people from a certain ethnic group living in the United States based on the 1910 census.
This act was monumental, because it cut immigration numbers substantially.
Latin Americans and Canadians, however, were not involved in the quota system.