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or Half as Great?" Rpt. in Gangs in America. California: Sage Publications, 1990. (71- 100).

Central America’s Gangs Are All Grown Up – Foreign Policy

Read this essay on Social Problems Associated with Street Gangs

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Patrica, a Will Rogers greaser had this to say: If you lived north of Admiral you were a "greaser". South of admiral you were a soc! I graduated in 1972. I lived south of Pine Street and we were definitely a mixed crowd. The people living down the street from me were "Soc's) at Rogers i.e. cheerleaders, etc. Myself I was a Roper Doper in the junior and senior year. We used to go to a drive in at 18 and Sheridan to open up a big can of whoop azz on the Soc's at Hale....We partied at the boat house at Mohawk park and got drunk every Friday night at the "library" restaurant on 11th street. I have not been back to Tulsa for years now so I am sure things have changed but I am still a "greaser" at heart. They can take those snotty "antisocial" (Soc's) and keep them on the south side. But Rogers had PLENTY of "Soc's" believe me. My parents live near the Dairy Queen and middle school where the Outsiders was filmed in Owasso.

Youth Gangs, Violence and Social Respect - Exploring …

This is also a reason why most teens join gangs, they are trying to get back the things that they didn't have in early childhood.
A girl's racial background is also thought to have an affect on determining whether or not a girl joins a gang. However, the research on this thesis is greatly lacking. One researcher has suggest that "race and class are salient factors in determining gang involvement" (Burns-Kitchen VI). However, it may be argued that class is more of a factor than race. Most street gangs are found in urban areas suffering from poverty so one cannot necessarily correlate race with gang membership because the main factor may actually be social class.

 

Constructing Gangs: The Social Definition Of Youth Activities


AB - Despite previous research, there remains no consensus on definitions of who is a gang member, what is a gang, and what is gang activity. This paper examines these issues based on results of a survey administered to two groups involved in responding to gangs—members of a gang task force and officers of an urban police department—and a group of juvenile detainees. Considerable differences are observed among the three groups in their appraisal of the extent and impact of gang activity, number of gangs and gang members, and gang-relatedness of five vignettes. The implications for formulating a policy response to gangs are discussed.


N2 - Despite previous research, there remains no consensus on definitions of who is a gang member, what is a gang, and what is gang activity. This paper examines these issues based on results of a survey administered to two groups involved in responding to gangs—members of a gang task force and officers of an urban police department—and a group of juvenile detainees. Considerable differences are observed among the three groups in their appraisal of the extent and impact of gang activity, number of gangs and gang members, and gang-relatedness of five vignettes. The implications for formulating a policy response to gangs are discussed.


Constructing Gangs : The Social Definition Of Youth Activities

Female gangs are different, in some respects, to male gangs. The female group usually comes into existence after the male gang has been established and often takes a feminized version of the male name (Campbell 177). Leadership is very different in female gangs. For instance, "leadership is usually more diffuse than in boys groups. Typically, the members insist there is no leader and that decisions are made democratically. Observation suggests that some girls clearly have more clout than others, but that this usually is not formalized as a leadership role" (Cambell177-178).

Hieu Ngo is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Social Work ..

Thus, it can be seen that gangs and their activities exact a price for participation. Attempting to leave a gang can sometimes be as dangerous as being in one. The current members appear to see others leaving as abandonment, something they were attempting to get away from, within their biological family, when they joined the gang. Also, many members become members for life and suffer the consequences, often by passing their gang affiliations to their own children.

Gangs find new home on social media - Daily Herald

Female involvement in violent activity is on the rise. Although one author has noted that "although they may use guns, the girls most often are involved in fist or knife fights," recent trends tend to show quite the contrary (Campbell 180). According to recent trends, girls are becoming increasingly involved in violent activity involving guns (CASA Website: Social Work Journal).

As gangs have found new ways to interact ..

Although girls may participate in violent activities, some researchers have found that much of the violence they claim to participate in is exaggerated in order to bolster their reputations. "As others have noted in connection with male gang members and British soccer fans, much of the violence of these youths occurs in the world of talk rather than of action" (Campbell 177). However in more violent neighborhoods, "having a 'rep' (reputation) is preferable to walking scared, to being powerless. But the rep they work so hard to achieve sets them up as targets for others who are seeking to expand their own reps. There is the abiding fear that 'there's always someone tougher than you"' (Campbell 177).