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The Human Rights Campaign is America's largest civil rights organization working to achieve lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer equality.

Not All Equality is Equal: What Does Equality Mean?

People are obsessed with equality (or the lack thereof) these days

Advocating for LGBTQ Equality | Human Rights Campaign
At present, many egalitarians are ready to concede that equality inthe sense of equality of life circumstances has no compelling value initself; but that, in a framework of liberal concepts of justice, itsmeaning emerges in pursuit of other ideals: universal freedom, fulldevelopment of human capacities and the human personality, themitigation of suffering and defeat of domination and stigmatization,the stable coherence of modern, freely constituted societies, and soforth (Scanlon 1996). For those who are worse off, unequalcircumstances often mean considerable (relative) disadvantages andmany (absolute) evils; and as a rule these (relative) disadvantagesand (absolute) evils are the source for our moral condemnation ofunequal circumstances. But this does not mean that inequality as suchis an evil. Hence, the argument goes, fundamental moral ideals otherthan equality stand behind our aspiring for equality. When we areagainst inequality on such grounds, we are for equality either as abyproduct or as a means and not as a goal or intrinsic value. In itstreatment of equality as a derived virtue, the sort of egalitarianism— if the term is actually suitable — here at play isinstrumental.

The Equality of Opportunity Project

Jun 09, 2010 · For nearly four decades, governments of all political hues in Sweden have legislated to give women equal rights at work — and men equal rights at home.
Egalitarians can respond to the anti-egalitarian critique byconceding that it is the nature of some (if certainly far from all)essential norms of morality and justice to be concerned primarily withthe adequate fulfillment of the separate claims of individuals. Howeverwhether a claim can itself be considered suitable can be ascertainedonly by asking whether it can be agreed on by all those affected inhypothetical conditions of freedom and equality. This justificatoryprocedure is all the more needed the less evident — indeed the moreunclear or controversial — it is if what is at stake is actuallysuffering, distress, an objective need. In the view of the constitutiveegalitarians, all the judgments of distributive justice should beapproached relationally by asking which distributive scheme allconcerned parties can universally and reciprocally agree to. Asdescribed at some length in the pertinent section above, manyegalitarians argue that a presumption in favor of equality follows fromthis justification requirement. In the eyes of such egalitarians, thisis all one needs for the justification and determination of theconstitutive value of equality.


Our Latest Who Becomes an Inventor in America

Sep 21, 2014 · Emma Watson formally invited men to join the fight for gender equality in a moving speech on Sept
The concept of welfare equality is motivated by an intuition that whenit comes to political ethics, what is at stake is the individual'swell-being. The central criterion for justice must consequently beequalizing the level of welfare. But taking welfare as what is to beequalized leads into major difficulties, which resemble those ofutilitarianism. If one contentiously identifies subjective welfarewith preference satisfaction, it seems implausible to count allindividual preferences as equal, some — such as the desire to doothers wrong — being inadmissible on grounds of justice (theoffensive taste argument). Any welfare-centered concept of equalitygrants people with refined and expensive taste more resources —something distinctly at odds with our moral intuitions (the expensivetaste argument) (Dworkin 1981a). However, satisfaction in thefulfillment of desires cannot serve as a standard, since we wish formore than a simple feeling of happiness. A more viable standard forwelfare comparisons would seem to be success in the fulfillment ofpreferences. A fair evaluation of such success cannot be purelysubjective, rather requiring a standard of what should or could havebeen achieved. And this itself involves an assumption regarding justdistribution; it is thus no independent criterion for justice. Anadditional serious problem with any welfare-centered concept ofequality is that it cannot take account of either desert (Feinberg1970) or personal responsibility for one's own well-being, to theextent this is possible and reasonable.

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The equality required in the economic sphere is complex, takingaccount of several positions that — each according to thepresumption of equality — justify a turn away from equality. Asalient problem here is what constitutes justified exceptions to equaldistribution of goods — the main subfield in the debate overadequate conceptions of distributive equality and its currency. Thefollowing sorts of factors are usually considered eligible forjustified unequal treatment: (a) need or differing naturaldisadvantages (e.g. disabilities); (b) existing rights or claims(e.g. private property); (c) differences in the performance of specialservices (e.g. desert, efforts, or sacrifices); (d) efficiency; and(e) compensation for direct and indirect or structural discrimination(e.g. affirmative action).

Equality and Diversity Training, Resources, Equality …

Highlighted in #3, is one of the goals pursued by the . Trying to ensure it in our societies, the UN also does everything possible to ensure gender equality in its agencies and institutions. As a consequence, the UN has been working for the past ten years in increasing the number of female soldiers among the UN peacekeepers.

Animal Equality | International Animal Advocacy …

Since “treatment as an equal” is a shared moral standard incontemporary theory, present-day philosophical debates are concernedwith the kind of equal treatment normatively required when we mutuallyconsider ourselves persons with equal dignity. The principle of moralequality is too abstract and needs to be made concrete if we are toarrive at a clear moral standard. Nevertheless, no conception of justequality can be deduced from the notion of moral equality. Rather, wefind competing philosophical conceptions of equal treatment serving asinterpretations of moral equality. These need to be assessed accordingto their degree of fidelity to the deeper ideal of moral equality(Kymlicka 1990, p. 44). With this we finally switch the object ofequality from treatment to the fair distribution of goods and ills orbads.

Equality and Diversity Forum – Together for equality …

Strict equality is called for in the legal sphere of civil freedoms,since — putting aside limitation on freedom as punishment— there is no justification for any exceptions. As follows fromthe principle of formal equality, all citizens of a society must haveequal general rights and duties. These rights and duties have to begrounded in general laws applying to everyone. This is the postulateof legal equality. In addition, the postulate of equal freedom isequally valid: every person should have the same freedom to structurehis or her life, and this in the most far-reaching manner possible ina peaceful and appropriate social order.