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What Is It? The criminal justice system is the set of agencies and processes established by governments to control crime and …

National Instant Criminal Background Check System - …

California's Criminal Justice System: A Primer

Jan 17, 2013 · Introduction
There are a number of general texts on the role and use of technology in the criminal justice system. Due to the rapid and significant changes in technology over the past two decades, it is difficult to find particularly current works on the topic. In addition, given the depth and variety of technologies used throughout the system, their depth of content is variable. Both and provide an introductory overview to the range of technologies used across law enforcement agencies with particular emphasis on communications technology. provides an overview on the factors affecting the adoption of technologies in state and local law enforcement agencies. gives an interesting and up-to-date exploration of the application of technology in courtrooms and its prospective impact on the judicial process generally. provides an important exposition on the issues facing law enforcement in order to investigate cybercrimes. and provide explorations on a range of technologies used by police, courts, and corrections.

Is the Criminal-Justice System Racist? | City Journal

The Concept of Criminal Responsibility and the Defense in the Nigerian Legal System
The Bureau of Criminal Identification and Information manages and oversees the Automated Fingerprint Identification System. AFIS is a statewide, automated fingerprint identification system, which is integrated with mugshot and computerized criminal history (CCH) information. The goal of this system is to provide real time identification of individuals at the time of booking, resulting in timely updates to the state's CCH, mugshot and fingerprint databases. All of this is accomplished in a paperless environment. The Bureau of Criminal Identification and Information provides operational management and technical assistance to the users of the system in addition to ensuring system operational compliance and quality control.

The AFIS system consists of over 100 livescan sites (booking facilities), and several Full Function Remote (FFR) sites that support the booking facilities. These FFR sites also provide law enforcement agencies with individual mugshots, mugshot lineups, and the ability to launch searches of unsolved latent prints against the State's tenprint fingerprint database.


Technology and the Criminal Justice System - …

NAACP | Criminal Justice Fact Sheet
Based on the landmark 1957 American Bar Foundation survey, this anthology gives a systemic view of the criminal justice system, in terms of the decisions made by police, prosecutors, judges, and corrections officials: practitioners prefer flexibility to rules; discretion is exercised mostly at the lowest levels of the organization (especially in policing and prosecution) and with limited transparency; and attempts to control decisions at one stage affect decisions made by agents at other stages of the process, in a hydraulic manner.

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The Louisiana Computerized Criminal History system is also maintained by the Bureau of Criminal Identification and Information and contains arrest, disposition and incarceration information on individuals who have been arrested in the state of Louisiana. This system also contains information on individuals who have applied for certain positions which require a fingerprint based background check.

The goal of the system is to compile the most accurate, up-to-date, and comprehensive arrest and disposition information for arrested persons and to make this information accessible to all criminal justice agencies. Criminal history information is a valuable tool for law enforcement, the courts, and corrections. Law enforcement agencies have the capability to make inquiries of this system electronically through the Louisiana Law Enforcement Message Switch (LEMS).

LACCH information is based completely on the fingerprint submission made at the time of arrest/booking. The best and most timely method to submit arrest information is through AFIS. The criminal history record can also be manually updated when the Bureau receives inked fingerprint cards from Sheriff's Offices and Police Departments not currently using AFIS.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service | NCJRS

In their account of the American Bar Foundation survey of 1953–1969 (), Editors Lloyd Ohlin and Frank Remington highlight the central importance of discretion in the functioning of the criminal justice system (CJS). They describe the CJS as a complicated set of interdependent actors who act on cases involving individuals accused of crimes. adds that the term is perhaps misleading, because the police, courts, and corrections are largely independent of one another, although the actions of each set of actors clearly have an impact on the others. The elaborated on the American Bar Foundation survey by describing the complex web of relationships among these actors. For example, while judges can exercise discretion only in cases involving arrested offenders that prosecutors charge with crimes, sentencing policies and practices influence the actions of police and prosecutors. Because of the salience of sentencing policy to the exercise of discretion generally, sentencing policy warrants treatment as a driver of discretion. , a landmark review of sentencing, offers a first systematic assessment of sentencing goals, policies, and the disparity and discrimination that can follow a lack of consensus on the fundamental purposes of sentencing. Two other classics on discretion are also included here: First, treatment of the subject, which distinguishes between the routine exercise of discretion and the more controversial use of discretion to alter policies viewed as misguided; and second, , a book on discretion, which offers a thoughtful account of the essential aspects of discretion and how it can be used effectively to improve the functioning of the criminal justice system.

Why women in the criminal justice system should be …

This is an important historical document notable for its inclusion of the now-iconic “criminal justice flowchart” (pp. 8–9), which highlights the complexity of the system and the process of selection by which ever fewer defendants proceed farther into the system. The document is also notable for its consideration of police, courts, and corrections (chapters 4, 5, and 6) in the context of crime control. An updated version of the chart can be found on the .