• Taoism, Legalism, and Confucianism - [PPT Powerpoint]
  • Confucianism - Wikipedia
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We discuss three traditional Chinese philosophies—Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism—as they relate to Western-originated leadership theories.

Comparison of two religions | Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism ..

Compare and contrast Daoism (Taoism), Legalism, and Confucianism.

23/03/2015 · Daoism is the reverse and opposite with Confucianism
Kongzi (Confucius, a Latinized name) was born in 551 B. C.E., to a poor family of the lower nobility. Throughout his life, he relentlessly tried to gain an office with a prominent ruler of the time who was willing to adopt his various concepts. Unfortunately, Confucius died in 479 B. C.E., before such a change ever took place. However, he succeeded in winning over a handful of devote followers who continued his legacy and Confucianism later went on to become one of the most influential thought systems of Chinese history. Of his followers, Mencius and Xunzi became the most renown. Since Confucius did not succeed in completing a manual of his views, these followers had to derive their own interpretations of the system which now formulate, the Analects. The Analects portray an idealized gentleman, and his various duties in terms of the society, family and the rituals. Confucius explains about the way (Dao) which he believed, that if the people accepted its terms and were willing to abide, they would succeed in creating a utopian society.

legalism | Ms. Galloway's AP World History

CHINESE RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES Yang &Yin, Daoism, Confucianism, Legalism Yang &Yin, Daoism, Confucianism, Legalism And Buddhism.
"Former ages did not all have the same teachings. Which past will you use as a model? The great kings did not repeat each other. Which rituals will you follow?" (Ebrey 33B). Before the advent of Legalism, judgements were made as the need arose and lacked a set pattern. Rulers searched the past for previous practices and rituals and acted with no specific patterns. Both Confucianism and Daoism derive their kernel principles and doctrines from ancient teachers and sacred texts. Since there were wide margins for different interpretations, there was much room for corruption; thus the Legalists adhered to a strict, written code of law which was made public. Every individual was considered equal under the law making the system run a state instead of what the ruler deemed fit. No matter who the ruler was and what his status was, what would keep the state functioning was the law. Unlike the other philosophies, Legalism put the emphasis on the rule rather than the ruler.

 

Is Confucianism a Religion? – Alexander Chow

how and why might a follower of Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Legalism behave when faced with the same problem
It promoted strict laws and harsh punishment, and encouraged people to report the wrong-doing of others. Legalism is based on a hierarchy and laws, in a mirror of Confucianism without the emphasis on humane and moral behavior.

There was seen to be a hierarchy not only of humans, but of the entire Universe. Every person and organization was in an exact hierarchy. There were no parallel systems, no place or situation outside the hierarchy, so there was no “loyal opposition” or legitimate opposing point of view. Loyal ministers would sometimes try to tell the king if they felt his policy was bad, but they could be punished or even killed by the ruler for doing so. It was believed that the ruler himself could lose the “Mandate of Heaven” to rule the country, by bad judgment or carelessness, especially if he continued even after having been carefully remonstrated with by his advisors.

29/09/2009 · Recently. 09.29 Explain why Confucianism never became a religion as hinduism and buddhism did; 09.29 List and describe the differences between legalism …
Amidst the chaos of political instability and constant warring of the Zhou era, arose many intellectual thinkers that brought such profound impact in the field of politics, religion and philosophy. Even to the day, their influence can be espied in the many matters of China. Confucianism became the paramount school of thinking and later significant philosophies such as Daoism and Legalism gained immense recognition as well. Each party had their own proposals for creating an idealistic political society where the many problems they faced in their everyday lives could be eliminated. All three approaches were very distinct but at the same time, they contained certain similarities as well. In my reasoning, I find that Confucianism and Daoism could be paralleled in many ways to find several common grounds. On the other hand, Legalism goes on to take a more unique approach which was much different from the previous two.


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By the beginning of the common era, another philosophy emerges and gains wide acceptance among the commoners. Daoism, just like the predecessor and also as the name implies, puts emphasis on "the way," that a certain individual is to abide to. Even though the two systems had different concepts about the way, the common denominator of both schools was to achieve total harmony in the society. Confucianism focuses mainly on social order while Daoism puts its central focus on being one with the nature.

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Both Confucianism and Daoism accept the presence of a supernatural entity but do not provide a clear explanation on it. Both thought systems consider it mostly as a mystery that the human mind cannot fully comprehend or alter. Confucius put great importance in conducting numerous rituals for various occasions. He found it to be an essential part for the well being of the society. He said, "when superiors love ritual, the people are easy to direct" (Ebrey 22A). Xunzi provides a more elaborate explanation. He said "Ritual conduct is the perfection of decorum. . . Sages comprehend it, gentlemen comfortably carries them out, officials preserves them and the common people consider them the custom" (Ebrey 25). The same sense of mystery (or vagueness) can be sensed in Daoism. Laozi declares, "The way that can be discussed is not the constant way. . . nameless is the source of and earth. . . Their identity can be called a mystery" (Ebrey 27 AB).Both Confucianism and Daoism disfavored a harsh government. Confucius urged to lead the people with virtue and rituals as opposed to government policies and punishments. He believed that the ruler should gain respect through his deeds rather than achieving it through his status and authority. Likewise, Daoism disliked the emphasis of status being displayed in the political realm. It asked for a light government and asked for a ruler that portrayed a serving attitude. Both systems disliked governments that employed killing and wished for a non aggressive rule. Both beliefs also agree that individuals should foster compassion, humility and moderation for a successful society.

How Ancient Chinese Thought Applies Today | HuffPost

Both Confucianism and Daoism disfavored a harsh government. Confucius urged to lead the people with virtue and rituals as opposed to government policies and punishments. He believed that the ruler should gain respect through his deeds rather than achieving it through his status and authority. Likewise, Daoism disliked the emphasis of status being displayed in the political realm. It asked for a light government and asked for a ruler that portrayed a serving attitude. Both systems disliked governments that employed killing and wished for a non aggressive rule. Both beliefs also agree that individuals should foster compassion, humility and moderation for a successful society.