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” Comment: This passage is one that reflects some overlap between “Confucian” and “Daoist” values.

Is Confucianism a Religion? – Alexander Chow

Ancient Eastern Philosophy: Buddhism, Hinduism, …

The word "Tao" (道) has a variety of meanings in both ancient and modern Chinese language
Village religion continues to flourish, although not necessarily retaining all the old forms. The family cult related to ancestors and to family events such as birth, marriage and death, is central. Families will use elements from Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism since none of these makes claims of exclusivity. There is much semi-magical and superstitious belief mixed in with more overtly religious elements. Without doubt, folk religion is in transition as it adapts to the challenges of Marxism, modernization and, in some areas, Christianity. Nevertheless, the rather limited evidence that exists suggests that while some things such as clan temples are disappearing, other elements are surviving and have perhaps even experienced a revival in recent years.

Daoist Philosophy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Zi Xia defended his method of education by saying that theway of a gentleman must not be transmitted before the studentis ready. Confucius once found that he could discuss the odeswith Zi Xia, but in evaluating him he said Zi Xia had not reachedworthiness yet. Confucius told Zi Xia to practice the of the gentleman, not that of the common people. The originalmeaning of this term is unclear. Waley suggested thatit may have meant unwarlikeness in contrast to the cowardice ofthe inferior. Eventually this was the term that was used to referto the followers of the Confucian philosophy. In the first chapterof the Zi Xia is quoted as saying that one whotreats betters as betters, serves father and mother with all hisstrength and his prince with his life, and with his friends istrue to his word may be called educated.


Confucius | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Taoism and Confucianism have lived together in China for well over 2,000 years. Confucianism deals with social matters, while Taoism concerns itself with the search for meaning. They share common beliefs about man, society, and the universe, although these notions were around long before either philosophy. Both began as philosophies, each later taking on religious overtones. Legend states that Confucius and Lao-tzu did in fact meet to discuss the Imperial Archives. Lao-tzu was unimpressed by the beautiful robes worn by Confucius, and did not agree with looking back on the past. "Put away your polite airs and your vain display of fine robes. The wise man does not display his treasures to those he does not know. And he cannot learn justice from the Ancients."

Learning to be human was the goal of Confucianism. According to Confucius, each person should act with virtue in all social matters; family, community, state, and kingdom, to ensure order and unity. Man's virtue in all its forms is called "jen." "Jen" is all encompassing and unable to be defined, in some respects similar to the Tao. Confucian ceremonies contained many rituals based in the Five Classics, especially the , or . Procedures for birth, marriage, and death were rigid and specific. For example, according to Confucian funeral tradition, a willow branch is always carried behind the body of the deceased symbolizing the soul of that person.

Moving Beyond Confucianism | HuffPost

Both Confucian and Daoist teaching were 'non-dualistic' - matter and spirit formed a continuum within a cosmos that was self-generating and impersonal. Buddhism, however, taught a radical dualism. Through a long process of adaptation, various Chinese schools emerged such as Chan (Zen) and the Pure Land school, which were far more congenial to traditional Chinese thought. Zen, with its meditative techniques, and Pure Land with its stress on faith in the Amitabha Buddha as the way to salvation, became the dominant forms of Chinese Buddhism. These teachings with their focus on sudden enlightenment and on salvation through grace rather than through ascetic practices appealed to many ordinary Chinese.

I think they’re Buddhist or Asian

Buddhism is the only foreign religion that has been widely accepted in China. It first entered China in the second century AD and by the was the most dynamic and influential of all religions. However, its very success led to a severe curtailment of its activities in the late Tang, since officials began to see its power as a threat, both to their own power and to the order and prosperity of society. After this it remained an important element in Chinese life, but took its place alongside Daoism and a revitalised Confucianism.

Hmong and Dao people in northern

As time passed Daoism found itself in direct competition with the foreign teachings of Buddhism. It borrowed Buddhist practices and also drew on folk religious traditions to create its own religious form and ethos. It secured an essential place in popular religious life, but in this form it has ceased to bear much resemblance to the philosophical precepts of the early teachers. The earlier, more philosophical Daoism has continued to inspire Chinese painters and through the ages and its teachings appealed to many a scholar official who adhered to a strictly Confucian ethic in public life.