• Causes Emancipation of serfs
  • What are the causes and effects of the Emancipation ..
  • The Effects of the Emancipation Proclamation

Buchanan won all but the northern tier of states, but was a minority President, garnering less than 50% of the popular vote.

he moved in the direction of immediate emancipation

a look back on the causes of America's (first ..

First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln by Francis Bicknell Carpenter
Since it was often considered more acceptable for men to have multiple sexual partners, many feminists encouraged women into "sexual liberation" and having sex for pleasure with multiple partners. At exactly the right time, the contraceptive pill was invented, and the coil and the cap became more freely available, though at first it was difficult to gain access to these items unless one was married. Access to abortion was also demanded, and in 1967 abortion was at long last legalised. Some feminists believed that giving women control of their reproductive functions was more personally liberating than the vote or indeed any other reform, because their foremothers were terribly encumbered by multiple pregnancies and in many cases being forced to bear children they did not want.

Emancipation for purposes of child custody ..

With talk of secession heating up, a look back on the causes of America's (first?) Civil War.
Despite the horrible frequency of wife-beating cases, those that came to court were the tip of the iceberg, because it was one of the most under-reported crimes, for a number of reasons. Firstly, women were raised in a culture which accepted a certain level of wife-beating as the norm. Wives often didn't even know they had any legal right to complain about such treatment. Women were, in addition, raised to believe that they 'deserved' a certain amount of violence if they had failed as wives (they had doubtless been beaten as children for various faults, failings and transgressions). Furthermore, taking a husband to court represented a criticism of his actions and a challenge to his authority, his right to be master in his own home. Taking him to court also transgressed social and religious expectations of wifely submission. Lastly, it was a dangerous move:bringing the law into a man's private sphere wasn't likely to improve his temper, and men frequently threatened that if their wives put them in charge, or testified against them, they would pay for it with their lives. In court the man would either be fined (or sent to prison if he did not pay), bound over to keep the peace, or sent to prison. If fined, the wife usually had to pay the fine out of her housekeeping money or her own wages or savings. Even if found from the man's wages it still amounted to there being less money to feed the family. If he was sent to prison, his dependents while he could not earn, and if he lost his job as a result then the whole family might end up in the workhouse. These were powerful reasons for wives not to report even serious assaults. In 1853 Thomas Phinn MP stated that 'women rarely complained ... [to magistrates] except some severe injury had been inflicted, the climax of a long series of ill-usage' ... or 'until brutality had arrived at such a pitch that life was insecure.' Lewis Dillwyn MP believed that a fine or imprisonment 'prevented the criminals being brought to justice, because when a wife knew ... that if she complained to a magistrate her husband would be sent to prison for six months, and she herself reduced to the necessity of choosing between starvation ... and the workhouse, the probability was, that she would rather suffer in secret from the violence of her tormentor than take a step leading to such fearful consequences.'


a certain emancipation of women | Download eBook …

a feminist site charting the emancipation of british women since the renaissance
That year John Stuart Mill stood for parliament. He and his wife Harriet were ardent supporters of women's suffrage; indeed Harriet's essay The Enfranchisement of Women had appeared in the Westminster Review as far back as 1851. The Langham Place group helped with his election campaign and he won. In 1866 a Representation of the People Bill was soon to come before parliament, and Disraeli had suggested that he might support the enfranchisement of women. Mme Bodichon asked Mr Mill, if she got up a petition for votes for women (as men had done in the past for their own sex), would he present it to the House to support and amendment to the Bill, that would gives votes to women. He asked her to get a hundred names, and she formed the Women's Suffrage Petition Committee. Members included Mme Bodichon, Emily Davies, Jessie Boucherett, Elizabeth Garrett, Jane Crowe (b.1832) and Rosamund Davenport Hill. A petition was drawn up by and in two weeks they collected 1,499 signatures, including those of some famous and eminent women such as Florence Nightingale, Lady Anna Gore Langton, Martha Merington (1831-1912, the first female Poor Law guardian), Ada and Julia Barmby, Anne Ashworth, Harriet Martineau, Mary Somerville, Josephine Butler, Helen Bright (later Clarke), Elizabeth and Emma Corfield, Florence Davenport Hill, Jane Horsburgh and Ursula, wife of . The petition sheets from all over the country were collated at Aubrey House, Kensington, home of Clementia, wife of Peter Taylor MP. Copies of the petition were printed into pamphlets and sent to various publications. The Representation of the People Bill was later aborted because of the fall of the Liberal government, but the Conservatives intended to bring in a Reform Bill. On 7th June 1866 J.S. Mill presented the women's suffrage petition to the House of Commmons.

A number of magazines and journals were associated with the above. Some were specific to one campaign, others reported news about all activities related to women's emancipation and general progress. There were also novels with feminist themes, and textbooks about women's position in society

a certain emancipation of women ..

Mr Muntz said he very much doubted whether corporal punishment would have the effect of diminishing the offence of woman-beating. How would any hon. Gentleman meet his wife, he should like to know, after she had been the means of getting him a good flogging? For himself, he confessed he should not be disposed to be very affectionate under such circumstances. Mr Stuart Wortley said that 'in the majority of cases the wife herself was the first to come forward, and throw herself upon her knees before the magistrate, praying that her husband's sentence might not be passed. With that impression he certainly thought a law which would subject the husband to corporal punishment would rather increase than diminish the evil. The additional exposure which would be given to the offence, and the degradation of the punishment, of which the man must bear the marks about his body for the rest of his days, would often deter the unfortunate wives from applying to the magistrate at all, and thus defeat the very benefit that was intended.' In 1860 a petition was presented to the House of Commons by women against flogging.

the emancipation of british women since the renaissance ..

In 1823 a new Anti-Slavery Society formed to argue for the abolition of slavery. Over the next ten years, more than seventy women's anti-slavery societies were formed, with the Sheffield Female Society the first to call for the immediate emancipation of slaves. These women's societies were more radical than the national society: through their influence the society dropped the words 'gradual abolition' from its title. The 1833 Emancipation Act outlawed slavery in the British Empire. Some women who were involved in the abolition of slavery include Sophia Sturge (1795-1845), Anna Richardson (1806-1892) and Elizabeth Pease Nichol (1807-1897).