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Parsons, T.R.. "Biological Oceanography." In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 1985—. Article published February 8, 2006

Biological Oceanography / Marine Chemistry

Biological Oceanography - The Canadian Encyclopedia

Lisa Levin Lab, Biological Oceanography, UCSD
In Canada, biological oceanographic studies are performed in the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans by university departments of oceanography and government oceanographic institutes, and at a large number of federal fisheries stations. Consulting companies have taken part in biological oceanographic studies in connection with environmental planning. This last area is of growing importance since the possible dire effects of man-made on the oceans have become recognized in certain limited environments, eg, when oil spills occur in coastal water or when urban or industrial sewage systems discharge into the sea (see ). The biological oceanography of these altered environments differs with each location.

Biological Oceanography Group | MBARI

Biological Oceanography is a branch of oceanography that studies living organisms (ie, the biota) in the sea in relation to their environments.
This course will examine the biotic oceanographic processes that occur within the Monterey Bay region. Students will learn about the role of phytoplankton, zooplankton, and higher level predators within the bay’s food web and furthermore how physical/chemical oceanographic processes influence the organisms within the bay. Questions that will be addressed in this course include: What causes phytoplankton blooms? Why do some seabirds come all the way across the Pacific Ocean to feed in the bay during the summer? How can blues whales live on krill alone? Why is the leatherback turtle a jellyfish’s worst nightmare? And how did a harmful algal bloom provide Alfred Hitchcock with the inspiration for the movie The Birds?


Biological Oceanography | Lamont-Doherty Earth …

Located in one of four major upwelling regions of the world, the Monterey Bay is a wealth of marine biodiversity. This cluster will give students an active-hands-on approach to exploring key concepts of oceanography and marine mammal biology in the Monterey Bay. Students will spend time in the lab and on the bay exploring the physical, chemical, and biological processes affecting marine ecosystems. We will examine the rich ecosystem that allows blue whales, one of the largest animals ever, to feast solely on schools of tiny shrimp-like krill. Students will also investigate the life history, physiology, and conversation of marine mammals (seals, sea lions, dolphins, whales, and sea otters) living just off our shores. From the tinniest of plankton to the largest of whales, this cluster will cover the fascinating and diverse group of creatures forming our marine ecosystems.

Recent developments in biological oceanography have included the of biological events from space, and the remote sensing of deepwater communities from capable of descending to the greatest ocean depths (below 10 000 m). Satellite studies have been used to show the amount of plankton in different water masses, as determined by the chlorophyll concentration which influences the colour of the water. Deep submersible studies have recently shown the existence of biological communities which feed off energy-rich compounds that are given off at thermal vents in the seafloor (ie, deep-sea ). Other new techniques include the outfitting of commercial vessels for biological monitoring; the use of large plastic bag enclosures (over 1000 t) to study the ecology of the sea; and scuba-diving techniques allowing observation of delicate forms of plankton and direct experimentation with benthic communities.

Marine Sciences (BS): Biological Oceanography …

- Physical Oceanography research papers examine the scientific study of the physical conditions and processes that occur in the ocean, including motion and properties of water.

Top 5 Biological Oceanography Tutors | Wyzant Tutoring

- Biological Oceanography research papers discuss the scientific study of how organisms, especially microorganism, are effected by the physics, chemistry, and geology of the oceans.

Publications in biological oceanography : National …

The biological oceanography of the Pacific and Atlantic regions of Canada is governed by the subarctic water lying off both coasts. The subarctic communities of these water masses are characterized by a strong seasonal progression of plankton blooms, starting in spring and ending in fall. Production of larval and juvenile fishes is generally associated with the spring bloom; migration of adult fishes takes place in spring and fall. The release of benthic larvae is also generally associated with the spring phytoplankton bloom. The eventual settlement of some benthic organisms in relatively shallow areas is an important connection in the food chain for the commercially important found on the and other continental shelf areas. In the Arctic Ocean a single summer pulse of plankton occurs after the break-up of fast ice. This bloom, which may last for several months, supports an extensive food chain including zooplankton, fish, seals, polar bears and humans. However, the quantity of commercially available fish in the Arctic Ocean is very small compared to Canada's subarctic waters where plankton production is greater for a longer period of the year.