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06/02/2013 · Following through on its €105 million pledge, the European Union began the laborious effort of restoring the Italian city of Pompeii Wednesday

Magnificent 3D Reconstruction of Pompeii ..

Ancient Pompeii's society and social structure

Vesuvius buried the ancient city of Pompeii and the surrounding area ..
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The virgin priestesses of Vesta — called Vestal virgins — wore a special headcovering called a (). This was a square piece of cloth that covered only the head (and perhaps the shoulders). On Roman coins of the first century the civic virtue of , "piety," is personified as a woman with such a headcovering (), and another headcovering like it may be seen on ancient representations of Christian women carved into the walls of the Roman catacombs (). Another similar headcovering was the bridal veil (, discussed below). The and bridal veil are thought to be ceremonial relics of the headcovering commonly worn by Roman women in very ancient times, called the — a shawl which covered only the head and shoulders. It seems that the fell into disuse when Roman women began to wear the . Another personification on Roman coins was , "modesty" or "chastity," portrayed as a goddess covering her head with a . These coins of the Empire celebrated the old Republican virtues. However, the other side of the coins often bore portraits of honorable ladies of Caesar's house—with their heads uncovered ().

Women in Ancient Rome: Women's Daily Life and Work

CAT scans on the remains of Pompeii victims contained within plaster casts has revealed that good health was widespread among people of the ancient city.
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In the ancient illustrations and sculptures that do show Greek women with covered heads, the headcovering is usually just the pulled over the top and back of the head (). Sometimes it is shown over the head and wrapped around the neck, without covering the face (). One famous artifact (a bronze statuette in the Metropolitan Museum of Art) shows a woman with her wrapped across the lower part of her face (), but this is unusual. The statuette portrays a dancer, and some scholars think that it was made in Alexandria Many illustrations show women wearing a around one or both shoulders, without having it over their heads.


Does Ancient Art from Pompeii Prove the Bible Supports …

20/07/2017 · The preserved ruins of the city of Pompeii are a treasure trove for those interested in learning more about the ancient Roman empire
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For this, and many other parallels with the mystery cults, see S. Angus, (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1925). Of particular interest are his statements regarding ritual clothing in the mysteries. "Special importance attached to wearing the proper vestments ... a special priestess supervised the robing, particularly for the Eleusinian Mysteries ... The strict regulations of the regarding the garments and their maximum prices are evidence of the value attached to correct ritual dressing in antiquity." (p. 90) In his commentary Conzelmann also observes that " seems to forbid the veil for the mysteries" and he gives several references for "unveiled women at religious ceremonies" (c.f. note 40 on page 185). His theory is that the removal of headcoverings in Corinth was connected with "enthusiasm" (i.e. ecstatic and charismatic experience) in which female charismatics claimed "emancipation" on the grounds that "the Spirit makes all alike." Therefore Paul must remind them that "women remain women" (p. 185). This theory seems entirely reasonable to me. But if it is true, I note that the women were violating local customs by worshipping with uncovered heads; rather, they were following established customs of the heathen.

POMPEII EXCAVATIONS. Home; Pompeii excavations. Pompeii excavations; Pompeii reconstruite; History of excavations of Pompeii; History of Pompeii; Daily life in Pompeii im 79 a.D. Economy in ancient Pompeii; The mount Vesuvius volcano and his eruptions; Sovrintendenza ai beni archeologici di Pompei e Ercolano; Near excavations. …
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Our most important sources of information about the clothing of Greek women are the many depictions of women to be found on ancient pottery. These depictions usually show women with their hair done up in a knot and wearing a band of cloth wrapped around the head to keep the hair in place, but these bands do not cover the head on top ( and ), and sometimes there is no hair-band (). We should beware of putting too much weight upon this evidence, however, because it may be that in these illustrations the women are depicted without headcoverings because they are at home, and perhaps it was merely a convention of Greek art to portray women in this way. It is hard to tell from the depictions alone whether or not the women are in a public setting.

The Destruction of Pompeii, 79 AD - EyeWitness to …

Roman domination and Sulla’s colonisation in 80BC set the print of Pompeii’s final social structure: the definition of a written constitution together with a clear system of rule and political career path for magistrates (the Roman "cursus honorum") which largely reflected that of Rome itself and would rarely require the Roman senate’s involvement except in extreme cases. The top of the social ladder was therefore the equivalent of Rome’s two consuls: the "Duovirs". As in other Roman cities this provided a clear path accessible to (almost) all citizens who could therefore aspire to climb the social ladder. Petronius’ Trimalchio would be the extreme example of this social mobility.

Ciba 9: Dyeing and Tanning in Classical Antiquity

Aside from the , there are other headcoverings in the ancient pictures also. A woman might wear a scarf tied closely around her hair (), a small shawl draped over her head (called a , resembling the modern mantilla), or a kind of snood, called a (). Sometimes snoods and scarves are seen on women who are depicted nude, and here obviously the coverings were merely ornamental, and not worn because of any ideas about proper dress. Still less do they symbolize modesty, or marriage, or anything of the sort. None of these pictures or artifacts prove (or disprove) what Greek women were expected to wear in public.

Pompeii exhibition at the British Museum captures the …

Greek women were expected to fully cover their bodies. For instance, a woman would not gird up her like a man and display her legs in public. But the Greek headcovering customs for women during the first century are hard to determine with any degree of certainty. In the past, some biblical expositors casually asserted that all respectable Greek women wore headcoverings, and that among the Greeks (as among the Jews) only disreputable women went about with bare heads. But there does not seem to be any good evidence for this in ancient sources. Many scholars now maintain that although Greek women certainly did wear headcoverings at times, and probably more often than not in public, there is no good reason to think that Greek women were under some compulsion to cover their heads in public. The idea that immoral women were recognized as such by the absence of a headcovering has no basis at all in ancient evidence.