• Illinois Human Rights Commission.
  • Human Rights & Discrimination - SLS Edmonton
  • Why infant circumcision is a breach of human rights.

There is proposed legislation to strengthen laws against discrimination based on in the Canadian Human Rights Act

"Department" means the Department of Human Rightscreated by this Act.

It is a civil rights violation for anyperson to: (A) Solicitation.

(D) The Department of Human Rights shall provide administrative support to the Committee.
7.4. initiate a public debate, including intercultural and interreligious dialogue, aimed at reaching a large consensus on the rights of children to protection against violations of their physical integrity according to human rights standards;

Civil Rights Violations-Elementary, Secondary, and Higher Education.

“any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.”


This article shall be known as the "Human Rights Law"

The European Court of Human Rights shall consist of a number ofjudges equal to that of the Members of the Council of Europe. Notwo judges may be nationals of the State.

The European Court of Human Rights has been grabbing headlines in France. The Court recently found in favour of France regarding its policy on full face veils (), but disallowed passive euthanasia from occurring in a . These are issues of significant human rights gravity; the Court’s findings also captured international attention. Around the same time, the Court issued judgments in two joint Chamber applications, relating to a lesser recognised human rights issue: the practice of international surrogacy, and its impact on the rights of children born this way. Although the Court’s and international surrogacy judgments gained less public interest than the euthanasia and face veil cases, they merit attention, especially given the Court’s focus on the rights of the child.

Right to education; Private and family life; Rights of ..

The practice of FGM fits within the definition of discrimination against women as set forth in various human rights instruments as a practice exclusively directed towards women and girls with the effect of interfering with their enjoyment of their fundamental rights. Furthermore, FGM causes great short-term and long-term physical and mental harm to its victims and perpetuates the fundamental discriminatory belief of the subordinate role of women and girls. Article 2 of the states: “Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex.”

Importance of Human Rights Education ..

The right to physical integrity includes the right to freedom from torture, inherent dignity of the person, the right to liberty and security of the person, and the right to privacy. This category of rights is protected by various human rights instruments including: The , Articles 1 and 3; , Preamble; (ICCPR), Preamble and Article 9 (1); and The (CRC), (Article 19) FGM causes severe physical and mental damage, sometimes resulting in death. As such, it interferes with a woman’s right to physical integrity, privacy, and freedom from violence.

How Human Rights Violations Undermine Medical Professionalism

Both the Mennesson and Labassee cases concern children born to surrogate mothers in the United States of America, for French commissioning parents. In both situations, the sperm of the commissioning father and an egg from a donor were used to conceive children. Despite happy, healthy children being born, problems began for them and their commissioning parents soon after their births in the early 2000s. These issues stemmed from France’s refusal to register the children’s births in the French civil register. The refusal of the French government came despite American court orders recognising the commissioning parents as the children’s legal parents. This rendered the children’s legal status highly uncertain; they had no legal child-parent relationship recognised in France, where they have been living since soon after being born. From a practical perspective, the refusal to register their births in France triggered a domino effect of day-to-day difficulties for the children, from a lack of French nationality, to their ability to access social security and education. Both the Mennesson and Labassee couples, and the children they had through international surrogacy, applied to the European Court of Human Rights, alleging violations of their rights to respect for family and private life.

Discrimination and the Human Rights Act

Article 23 of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela states “The treaties, pacts and conventions relating human rights which have been executed and ratified by Venezuela have a constitutional rank, and prevail over internal legislation…”.